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Male

Male Reproductive System

TermDefinition
Scrotum Acts as a natural climate control center for the testicles in order to maintain viability of sperm
Penis Acts as male organ of copulation and urination; site of the orifice for the elimination of urine and semen from the body
Testes Provides the male sex hormone, testosterone, provided by cells within them
Epididymis Acts as site for the maturation of sperm
Vas deferens Acts as excretory duct of the testis
Seminal vesicles Produce a slightly alkaline fluid that becomes a part of the seminal fluid or semen
Prostate gland Secretes an alkaline fluid that aids in maintaining the viability of spermatozoa
Bulbourethral or Cowper glands Produce a mucous secretion before ejaculation that becomes a part of the semen
Urethra Transmits urine and semen out of the body
balan/o glans penis
cis/o to cut
crypt/o hidden
didym/o testis
ejaculat/o to throw out
gon/o genitals
gynec/o female
mast/o breast
mit/o thread
orch/o testicle
orchid/o testicle
prostat/o prostate
sperm/o, sperm/i seed, sperm
testicul/o testicle
varic/o twisted vein
vas/o vessel
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
zo/o animal
anorchism Condition in which there is a lack of one or both testes
artificial insemination Process of artificially placing semen into the vagina so that conception can take place
aspermia Condition involving lack of sperm or failure to ejaculate sperm
azoospermia Condition in which the semen lacks spermatozoa
balanitis Inflammation of the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Enlargement of the prostate gland
Prostatism Condition of the prostate gland that interferes with the flow of urine from the bladder
circumcision Surgical procedure of removing the foreskin of the penis
coitus Sexual intercourse between a man and a woman; copulation
condom Thin, flexible protective sheath, worn over the penis during copulation to help prevent impregnation or venereal disease (VS)
condyloma Wartlike growth on the skin, most often seen the external genitalia; either viral or syphilitic in origin
cryptorchidism Condition in which one or both testes fail to descend into the scrotum
ejaculation Process of expulsion of seminal fluid and sperm from the male urethra
epididymitis Inflammation of the epididymis
espispadias Congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
erectile dysfunction Inability to achieve and maintain penile erection sufficient to complete satisfactory intercourse
eugenics Study and control of the bringing forth of offspring as a means of improving genetic characteristics of future generations
gamete Mature reproductive cell of the male or female; a spermatozoon or ovum
gonorrhea (GC) Highly contagious venereal disease of the genital mucous membrane of either sex; the infection is transmitted by the gonococcus Neisseria gonorrhoeae
gynecomastia Pathological condition of excessive development of the mammary glands in the male
herpes genitalis Highly contagious venereal disease of the genitalia of either sex; caused by herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2)
heterosexual Pertaining to the opposite sex; refers to an individual who has a sexual preference and relationship with the opposite sex
hydrocele Accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity. One that occurs during prenatal development is caused by a failure of the closure of the canal between the peritoneal cavity and the scrotum
hypospadias Congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
infertility Inability of a heterosexual couple to produce a viable offspring
mitosis Ordinary condition of cell division
oligospermia Condition in which there is insufficient (scanty) amount of spermatozoa in the semen
orchidectomy Surgical excision of a testicle; also called orchiectomy
orchiditis Inflammation of a testicle; also called orchitis
orchidotomy Incision into a testicle
parenchyma Essential cells of a gland or organ that are involved with its function
phimosis A condition that can be present at birth in which there is narrowing of the opening of the prepuce and the foreskin cannot be drawn back over the glans penis
prepuce Foreskin over the glans penis
prostate cancer Malignant tumor of the prostate gland
prostatectomy Surgical excision of the prostate
prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate
puberty Stage of development in the male and female when secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the individual becomes functionally capable of reproduction
semen Fluid-transporting medium for spermatozoa discharged during ejaculation
spermatid Sperm germ cell; also called spermatoblast, spermoblast
spermatocele Cystic swelling of the epididymis that contains spermatozoa; is mobile, usually painless, and requires no treatment
spermatogenesis Formation of spermatozoa
spermatozoon Male sex cell; plural form is spermatozoa
spermicide Agent that kills sperm
syphilis Infectious venereal disease caused by Treponema pallidum, which is transmitted sexually
testicular Pertaining to a testicle
varicocele Enlargement and twisting of the veins of the spermatic cord
vasectomy Surgical procedure in which the vas deferens are tied off and cuts apart, providing sterility by preventing transport of sperm out of the testes
vesiculitis Inflammation of a seminal vesicle
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Created by: kathryn456