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Body Sys1 - ResPath

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
tuberculosis contagious disease caused by bacteria that attack the lungs
pneumonia infection of the lungs that causes small bronchioles and alveoli to fill with fluid
lobar pneumonia condition resulting in sectioning of the lungs (the formation of lobes)
bacterial pneumonia condition often caused by Streptococcus bacteria and sometimes preventable by vaccination
viral pneumonia inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the lungs caused by various viruses
bronchopneumonia type of pneumonia characterized by lung inflammation, generally associated with bronchitis, and localized in the bronchioles and surrounding alveoli
cystic fibrosis genetic disorder that causes the lungs to become clogged with thick mucus
pulmonary fibrosis scar tissue in the lungs that reduces their functioning
emphysema disease in which the lungs lose elasticity, resulting in the inability to take in and expel air easily
chronic bronchitis infection or inflammation of the bronchial tubes
environmental lung diseases diseases caused by long-term environmental and occupational exposure to irritants
anthracosis condition caused by coal and dust in the lungs
asbestosis condition caused by asbestos particles in the lungs
byssinosis condition caused by cotton dust in the lungs
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition caused by years of exposure to dust in the lungs
silicosis condition caused by dust in the lungs
eupnea normal breathing (baseline for health)
apnea condition in which there is no spontaneous breathing for more than fifteen seconds
hyperpnea increased rate and depth of breathing
Cheyne-Stokes respiration condition with alternating periods of apnea and hyperpnea
sleep apnea syndromes group of disorders in which breathing stops during sleeping
hypopnea shallow, slow breathing
bradypnea abnormally slow rate of respiration
dyspnea shortness of breath
hyperventilation excessive, rapid, deep breathing that decreases blood carbon dioxide levels
tachypnea rapid rate of respiration, which is more than twenty breaths per minute
Created by: rleroux