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Body Sys1 - Respir

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
otolaryngologist head and throat specialist
pulmonary ventilation breathing; the exchange of air between the lungs and the environment
conducting zone collective term for the system that transports air to the sites of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange
respiratory zone site of gas exchange
nose outwardly visible respiratory organ that provides a pathway into the body for outside air, and filters air before it enters the respiratory system
paranasal adjacent to the nose
ciliated cells cells with hairlike organelles (small organs) on their membranes
pharynx respiratory organ that connects the nose and the larynx; also called the throat
larynx respiratory organ that allows air to travel from the pharynx to the trachea, and prevents food from entering the lower parts of the respiratory conducting zone; also known as the voice box
laryngopharynx part of pharynx closest to the larynx
glottis two flaps of tissue that close together to prevent food from entering the conducting zone
epiglottis flap of tissue that prevents food from entering the trachea
trachea flexible tube connecting the larynx to the two main bronchi that filters, moistens, and warms air before it enters the lungs.
lungs primary organs of the respiratory system that work to allow blood cells to transfer oxygen into and out of the body
bronchi respiratory organ that serves as the main passageways for air into the lungs
respiratory tree their constant production of branches
alveoli tiny air sacs with thin walls located at the end of bronchioles
respiratory membrane collective term for the walls of the capillaries and alveoli
bronchorrehea excessive bronchial secretions
pneumoconiosis condition caused by dust in the lungs
tracheotomy surgical procedure resulting in temporary opening of the trachea
Created by: rleroux