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BodySys1-Integ Path

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
immune system the body’s components that help protect it from disease
autoimmune disease a disease in which the immune system mistakenly perceives healthy cells as a threat and responds defensively
genetic passed down from parents to children
topical applied to the surface of the skin
UV rays high-frequency waves of light that are not visible to the human eye
fungi a diverse group of organisms that includes yeasts, molds, and mushrooms
epithelial cells the flat cells that comprise the outermost layer of the skin
sebum an oily substance produced by sebaceous glands to protect skin and hair
sebaceous glands structures that produce sebum and that are found in hair follicles
hair follicle the small cavities from which hair grows
nail plate another name for the actual finger or toenail
nail groove the border between the nail and skin
nail matrix the tissue at the base of the nail from which the nail originates
eponychium the cuticle of the nail
lunula the crescent-shaped white portion on the base of the nail
rash a change in skin color, texture, or overall appearance
dermatitis a rash with inflammation
acne a dermatitis caused by blocked hair follicles where an overproduction of sebum results in swelling, inflammation, and often infection by skin bacteria
pimples small elevations on the skin that may contain pus
plaque an itchy red patch of skin with a dry, scaly surface
psoriasis a dermatitis with a genetic predisposition and several types
plaque psoriasis the most common type of psoriasis, characterized by
scalp ringworm also known as tinea capitis, a fungal infection that is highly contagious and common among children
tinea capitis also known as scalp ringworm, a fungal infection of the scalp that is highly contagious and common among children
basal cell carcinoma the most common skin cancer, originating in the stratum basale, which is the deepest epidermal layer
squamous cell carcinoma a cancer involving epithelial cells, which are the cells found on the surface of the skin
melanoma a cancer of the skin’s pigment-producing cells
sunburn a type of burn caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun or other light sources
first-degree burn a burn that occurs on the surface of the skin and causes redness, inflammation, pain, and sloughing
second-degree burn a burn that affects the deeper layers of the skin and causes fluid-filled blisters, pain, and inflammation
third-degree burn a deep burn that destroys all of the layers of the skin
onychia inflammation of the nail matrix
paronychia inflammation and infection along the sides of the nail
folliculitis an infection of hair follicles
head lice tiny insects that live on the skin covering the top of the head
alopecia hair loss
alopecia areata spot baldness, with a genetic and autoimmune basis
male-pattern baldness a type of alopecia, having a genetic basis and being caused by changes that affect the hair follicle
hirsutism the excessive growth of hair on women in parts of the body where hair does not normally grow
chemotherapy a therapeutic method used to treat cancers with chemicals
phototherapy a therapeutic method that uses UV radiation for treating cancerous cells
radiation therapy a therapeutic method that kills cancerous cells
antifungal medication medication that stops the growth of fungi
retinoid medication that normalizes the hair follicle, often used to treat acne
skin grafting a surgical process that involves a thin layer of healthy skin being harvested from a healthy area and applied to a diseased area, often used in burn treatment
Created by: rleroux