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Chapt.17 Key Terms

Nervous System with Abbreviations

arachnoid mater a fine, delicate membrane, the middle one of the three membranes or meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord
autonomic nervous system the part of the nervous system responsible for control of the bodily functions not consciously directed, such as breathing
brian an organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of vertebrates, functioning as the coordinating center of sensation and intellectual and nervous activity.
brain stem the central trunk of the mammalian brain, consisting of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain, and continuing downward to form the spinal cord.
burr hole procedures also known as trepanation, trephination, trephining or making a burr hole
cerebellum the part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates. Its function is to coordinate and regulate muscular activity.
cerebral cortex the outer layer of the cerebrum (the cerebral cortex ), composed of folded gray matter and playing an important role in consciousness.
cereburn the principal and most anterior part of the brain in vertebrates, located in the front area of the skull
craniectomy a neurosurgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed to allow a swelling brain room to expand
craniotomy surgical opening into the skull.
diencephaion the caudal (posterior) part of the forebrain, containing the epithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus, and ventral thalamus and the third ventricle.
dura matter the tough outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord.
endovascular therapy procedures that are done inside the blood vessels and can be used to treat peripheral arterial disease
meninges the three membranes (the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater) that line the skull and vertebral canal and enclose the brain and spinal cord.
mesencephaion another name for midbrain
midbrain a small central part of the brainstem, developing from the middle of the primitive or embryonic brain.
peripheral nervous system the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
pia matter the delicate innermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord.
somatic nervous system part of the peripheral nervous system associated with skeletal muscle voluntary control of body movements
spinal nerves is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body
Abbrevations Definition
ANS autonomic nervous system
CNS central nervous system
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CT computed tomography
EEG electroencephalogram
EMG electromyogram
ICP intracranial pressure
LP lumbar punture
PNS peripheral nervous system
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
trephine a hole saw used in surgery to remove a circle of tissue or bone.
Created by: K.Lindsey