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Chapt.11 Key Terms

Diseases of the Nervous System

TermDefinition
Alzheimer's disease progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain
autonomic nervous system the part of the nervous system responsible for control of the bodily functions not consciously directed such as breathing
central nervous system (CNS) the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the body. In vertebrates it comprises the brain and spinal cord.
cerebral palsy a condition marked by impaired muscle coordination (spastic paralysis) and/or other disabilities,
encephalitis inflammation of the brain, caused by infection or an allergic reaction.
encephalomyelitis inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, typically due to acute viral infection.
epilepsy a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions
grand mal a serious form of epilepsy with muscle spasms and prolonged loss of consciousness.
hemiparesis another term for hemiplegia.
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body.
meningitis inflammation of the meninges caused by viral or bacterial infection and marked by intense headache and fever, sensitivity to light,
multiple sclerosis a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord.
nervous system the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body.
Parkinson's disease a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people
peripheral nervous system (PNS) the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
petit mal a mild form of epilepsy characterized by brief spells of unconsciousness without loss of posture.
Created by: K.Lindsey