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Nutrition- Saxton

common vocab words used in the Nutrition unit of Health class

Epidemic A health crisis specific to a certain population
Obesity An epidemic in America. When someone's body fat percentage has gotten so out of control that it starts to have other negative medical effects on a person.
Moderation "too little no good, too much no good". Eating junk food is okay if it is done once in a while in small amounts.
Sodium Another word for salt
Hypertension Another word for high blood pressure.
Atherosclerosis Hardening and plaque build up on the arteries. Reduces blood flow. Contributes to cardiovascular disease.
Cardiovascular disease Also referred to as "heart disease". #1 killer in America. Includes problems with the heart and blood vessels.
Nutrient dense Means the food is high in nutrients and is "worth" the calories. There is a great deal of nutritional benefit.
Empty Calories This means that the food does not have a lot of nutritional benefit. It is high in calories that do not benefit you. Most people et food like this because they like the way it tastes.
Anemia When there is not enough iron in your blood to help transport oxygen. people who are anemic should eat lots of green leafy vegetables and/or meat because they are good sources of iron.
Osteoporosis Means weak bones.
Dietary guidelines Suggestions made by the government to keep people healthy.
Type II diabetes A disease you can get from eating foods too high in sugar and not exercising enough. Can lead to many other complications and be life threatening.
Trans fat A type of fat added to foods that can lead to heart disease. Very bad for your health. Can lead to heart disease. Put in foods to make them "last longer" before they expire. Look for the words "hydrogenated oils" on the label.
Adolescent Another word for teenager.
Calorie Provide the body with energy. If calories you put into your body equal the calories you burn, your weight will remain the same. INPUT should equal OUTPUT.
Exercise guidelines Adults: 30 minutes Children: 60 minutes
Variety/color of foods Choose to eat foods that are different in color throughout the day. This will help you get the different vitamins and minerals that you need.
Order of Ingredients list Ingredients are listed from MOST to LEAST of how much is in the product. For example, if you see "sugar" listed in the top 3 ingredients, it may not be a healthy choice.
Created by: Mrsbruckner