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Ana Phys Directional

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
plane a two-dimensional surface that divides two halves
vertical oriented vertically up or down where the frontal and sagittal planes meet
sagittal a plane that divides the body into left and right sections
frontal a plane that divides the body into front and back sections
transverse a plane that divides the body into top and bottom sections
anteroposterior the axis that extends from posterior to anterior
axis a line between two points
bilateral symmetry anatomical parts that are the same on both sides of a plane
symmetry matching form and configuration on opposite sides of a plane
directional term a term used to explain the relation of one or more body parts
caudal directional term for near the posterior end of the body
medial directional term for situated toward the midline of the body
distal directional term for farther from the origin of the body part point of attachment
proximal closer to the origin of the body part point of attachment
lateral located away from the midline of the body off to the side
intermediate located between a medial and lateral structure
deep extending beneath the body surface
superficial located near or toward the body surface
right in medical terminology, a reference to the patient’s actual right side, and not to the healthcare worker’s right side
left in medical terminology, a reference to the patient’s actual left side, and not to the healthcare worker’s left side
parallel positioning of two structures that lie in the same plane and are positioned in a way that they are not touching each other
perpendicular positioning of two structures that are at a right angle to each other
cranial related to the upper part of the head or skull
inferior anatomy located away from the head or toward the lower body
superior anatomy located toward the head or upper part of the body
dorsal positioned toward the back of the body
ventral positioned towards the front, or abdominal side, of the body
Created by: rleroux