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Anat Phys Body Reg

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Anatomical position the standard way the body is positioned when using anatomical terminology (standing, with feet slightly apart, arms to the side, and the head, eyes, and palms of the hands facing forward)
Sagittal plane a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right halves
Coronal plane a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back halves
axis invisible line that runs vertically through the center of the axial region
anterior toward the front of the body, or in front of something else
Posterior toward the back of the body, or in back of something else
lateral describes something that is away from the midline of the body
medial refers to something that is toward the midline of the body
distal a point that is farther away from a point of reference (typically the point of origin of a limb)
proximal a point that is closer to a point of reference (typically the point of origin of a limb)
superior a body structure that is located above another structure
inferior a body structure that is located below another structure
Regional terminology a set of vocabulary words that healthcare workers use to refer to specific parts, or regions, of the body
Axial Region the body region that includes the head, neck, and trunk
Cephalic Region body region that pertains to the head, including the eyes, brain, jaw, ears, cheek, nose, mouth and chin
Cervical Region the area of the body pertaining to the neck
Trunk Region also called the torso, the region of the body that includes the chest and abdomen
Thoracic Region body region that pertains to the chest, and extends from the neck to the diaphragm
Abdominal region body region below the torso that extends from the diaphragm to (and including) the pelvis
Pelvic Region the lower abdomen region that connects the torso and the legs and also contains the reproductive organs
Vertebral Region the central region of the back parallel to the vertebral column
Appendicular Region the body region that includes the arms and legs
Surface Anatomy the study of external configurations of the body as they relate to internal structures
Superficial Landmark a structure on the surface of the body that helps orient an observer
Midclavicular Line invisible vertical line that passes through the midpoint of the clavicle (collarbone)
Midpupillary Line an invisible vertical line that passes through the midpoint of the eye
Thyroid Cartilage the largest cartilage in the larynx (voice box); it protects the vocal cords
Cranial Region the area on top of the head that includes the skull and brain
Occipital Region the subregion of the cranial region that is located at the back of the head and contains the parts of the brain that control sight
Facial Region the region that includes the face and its structures
Frontal Region the region that includes the forehead
Orbital Region the region that consists of the cavity area of the skull in which the eye and its appendages are positioned
Mammary Region the portion of the chest that contains the breasts
Umbilical Region the central area of the abdomen surrounding the navel (belly button)
Pubic Region the abdominal area just below the navel (belly button)
Scapular Region the posterior portion of the trunk region that contains the scapulae (shoulder blades) and related structures
Lumbar Region the lower back area just above the hips
Upper Extremities upper area of the human body that includes the shoulder, forearm, elbow, arm, wrist, and hand
Axilla area on the body located directly under the joint where the arm connects to the shoulder, also called the armpit
Carpal referring to the bones of the wrist
Lower Extremities lower area of the human body that includes the hips, thighs, knees, lower legs, ankles, and feet
Plantar the bottom area of the foot that is in contact with the ground when standing
Created by: rleroux