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Pharm - Drug Class

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
drug class a way of organizing medicines into different categories
diuretic drugs drugs that increase the rate of urination
thiazide drugs diuretic drugs that block sodium and potassium from being absorbed from kidney tubules back into the blood
antispasmodic drugs drugs that inhibit hydrochloric acid secretion, smooth muscle contraction, and peristalsis in the gastrointestinal tract to limit muscle spasms
proton pump inhibitors drugs that inhibit the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach
analgesic drugs drugs that produce relief from pain while the patient remains conscious
anesthetic drugs drugs that produce a reversible loss of sensation to prevent pain during surgical procedures
epidural anesthesia regional anesthesia injected into the space between the spinal cord and the vertebrae
acetaminophen drug that reduces pain through the inhibition of COX enzymes necessary for prostaglandin production
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs drugs that inhibit prostaglandin production, thereby reducing pain and inflammation
beta blockers hypertension drugs that block beta receptors, to prevent epinephrine from binding, decrease heart rate, and dilate blood vessels
digitalis drug that makes the heart pump more slowly, but more strongly
statin drugs hyperlipidemia drugs that reduce cholesterol by blocking the enzyme necessary for cholesterol production in the liver; HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor drugs
platelet aggregation inhibitors anticoagulant drugs that reduce blood clotting by preventing platelets from sticking to injury sites or clumping together
thrombolytic drugs drugs for dissolving blood clots within blood vessels
estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries that can be used as a medication to treat hormone imbalances
oxytocin hormone released by the pituitary gland that stimulates smooth muscle contraction of the uterus and can be used as medication to induce labor or strengthen contractions during labor
spermicidals contraceptive drugs that kill sperm
corticosteroid drugs drugs that suppress inflammation by mimicking glucocorticoid hormones
insulin hormone secreted by the pancreas that can be used as a medication to increase the body's ability to remove glucose from the blood stream and transport it into the cell, lowering blood glucose levels
oral antihistamines administered drugs that block histamine receptors to decrease inflammation, redness, and itching
retinoid drugs drugs used to treat acne by causing epidermal cells to divide rapidly, preventing pores from clogging, and decreasing inflammation
miotic drugs drugs used to treat glaucoma by constricting the pupil to increase the outflow of fluid
mydriatic drugs drugs used during eye examinations and surgery or to treat inflammation of the iris and surrounding areas
prostaglandin F agonist drug used to treat glaucoma by stimulating prostaglandin F receptors to increase the outflow of fluid
bronchodilator drugs medications that dilate bronchial tubes to widen them
expectorant drugs drugs that reduce the thickness of mucus so patients can cough it up
epinephrine hormone released by the adrenal glands that stimulates the "fight-or-flight" response and can be used as a medication to treat allergic reactions
topical decongestants drugs that treat eye allergy symptoms, such as redness, by constricting blood vessels
fluoroquinolone antibiotic drug that kills foreign bacteria in the body by inhibiting DNA replication
penicillin antibiotic drug that kills foreign bacteria in the body by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis
tetracycline antibiotic drug that kills foreign bacteria in the body by inhibiting protein synthesis
amphetamines drugs used to decrease hyperactivity in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
anticonvulsant drugs drugs used to treat epilepsy by mimicking gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitters and inhibiting nerve impulses
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors antidepressant drugs that inhibit the reuptake of serotonin to reduce symptoms of depression
alkylating chemotherapy drugs cancer drugs that prevent the growth of cancer by interfering with DNA synthesis and, therefore, with cancer cell division
anti-androgens hormonal chemotherapy drugs that block testosterone receptors to treat prostate cancer
anti-estrogens hormonal chemotherapy drugs that block estradiol receptors to treat breast cancer
dextrose intravenous fluid containing dextrose sugar to provide energy for body cells
vasopressors drugs that increase blood pressure by decreasing the diameter of blood vessels and increasing the heart rate
whole blood, citrated normal blood, with red and white blood cells, platelets, and plasma, that is treated with an agent called citrate that prevents it from clotting and treats blood loss
sodium (saline) intravenous fluid containing sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) electrolytes necessary for cell function
total parenteral nutrition intravenous fluid containing electrolytes, vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids used to provide nutrition
Created by: rleroux