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Anat Phys Anat Terms

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
muscular system body system that allows for body movement, maintains posture, and produces heat
nervous system body system that responds to sensory information and coordinates body responses
endocrine system body system that contains glands that produce hormones to control body functions, such as growth and reproductive development
cardiovascular system body system that pumps blood and transports it to the body cells, delivering nutrients and carrying away wastes
respiratory system body system that keeps blood supplied with fresh oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from the body
digestive system body system that breaks down food into nutrition for body cells and eliminates leftover wastes
urinary system body system that eliminates waste products and controls water balance in the body
reproductive system body system that produces offspring
lymphatic system body system that defends the body against infection and disease
skeletal system body system that provides a framework for the body, and protects and supports its organs
integumentary system body system that acts as an external casing for the body, protecting the structures embedded within it
anatomical terminology a set of vocabulary used by health professionals to refer to parts, regions, directions, and planes on the human body
gross anatomy the field of science concerned with the study of anatomical structures
pharynx muscular tube that connects the mouth and nasal passages to the esophagus
larynx box-shaped organ in the neck that contains the vocal cords and functions as an airway to the lungs
trachea known as the windpipe; a tube that joins the pharynx and larynx to the lungs
bronchi one of the main tubes for air passage into the lungs
lungs respiratory organ that assists in breathing
heart a muscular organ located in the center of the chest that pumps blood around the body
Blood vessels network of hollow tubes that carries blood throughout the body
blood fluid that circulates in the body and delivers nutrients and oxygen to cells
pancreas organ that secretes fluid into the small intestine
liver largest organ that filters unsafe material from the blood
kidney organ that filters blood and removes waste
ducts tubes in the body that carry fluids secreted by glands
glands organs that secrete specific chemical substances for use in the body or elimination
thymus gland a glandular organ in the upper chest cavity that produces T-cells
spleen organ located on the left side of the abdomen that filters, stores, and destroys blood cells
lymph nodes small bean-shaped glands that produce lymphocytes and filter lymph
ureter muscular ducts that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
testes male reproductive glands that produce sperm
penis external organ of a male used in the process of discharging semen and urine
ovaries female reproductive organs that generate eggs
uterus hollow, pear-shaped organ in the pelvic cavity of the female human body
vagina elastic, lubricated muscular canal that connects the cervix of the womb to the vulva
bladder organ that stores liquid or gas
Created by: rleroux