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Pharm - Drug Forms

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
powder a finely ground drug; may be in capsules or a canister, such as an inhaler
gas a drug that has more separation of particles, allowing it to be more widely dispersed
suppository a drug mixed in a solid base, such as glycerin, cocoa butter
transdermal patch a drug embedded in a solid patch form, which is then absorbed into the blood through the skin
cream a thick, semisolid mixture of a drug in a base of about 50% oil and 50% water
liquid a drug that has no solid shape
lotion a thick, liquid mixture of a drug in a water base
ointment a thick, semisolid mixture of drug in a base of about 80% oil and 20% water
caplet a tablet that is coated to avoid irritating the stomach
capsule a hard or soft shell with a liquid, powdered, or granular drug inside
tablet a drug in powder form mixed with inert ingredients (e.g., binders) and pressed into a solid
bead a drug fashioned into small, round objects that dissolve gradually to release the drug slowly
pellet a drug fashioned into small, bullet-shaped objects that dissolve gradually to release the drug slowly
wafer a drug fashioned into a thin disk that dissolves gradually to release the drug slowly
route of administration the path by which a drug contacts the body
receptor a protein to which drugs and other molecules can bind
device any appliance designed to assist with the administration of a drug
dermis the layer of skin just below the epidermis
epidermis the outermost layer of the skin
hypodermis the layer of connective tissue beneath the dermis
endotracheal tube a tube passing from the trachea (windpipe) to the outside of the body
gastrostomy a surgically implanted tube from the stomach to the outside of the body
jejunostomy a surgically implanted tube from the small intestine to the outside of the body
subcutaneous administration administration of a drug into the layer of connective tissue beneath the skin
topical administration application of a drug to the skin or mucous membranes
transdermal administration application of a drug in patch form, which is then absorbed into the blood through the skin
intradermal administration injection of a drug in between the epidermis and dermis
intramuscular administration injection of a drug into a large muscle.
intravenous administration injection of a liquid drug directly into a vein
parenteral administration delivery of a drug into the blood through broken skin, usually injected through a needle
oral administration placing a drug in the mouth and swallowing
sublingual administration placing a drug under the tongue
buccal administration placing a drug between the cheek and the lower teeth
inhalation breathing in a drug in liquid, powder, or gas form
nasal administration spraying a liquid drug into the nasal cavity for absorption into the blood
nasogastric administration delivery of drug into the stomach through a tube that enters the body at the mouth and passes through the esophagus into the stomach
rectal administration delivery of drugs through insertion into the rectum
vaginal administration delivery of drugs such as contraceptive foams and antifungal creams directly into the vagina
Created by: rleroux