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Med HlthCareCareers

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Doctor of Medicine (MD) a title that is granted upon completion of a rigorous course of study in an accredited medical school, enabling the titleholder to examine patients, recommend a course of treatment, and prescribe medication
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) a title that is equivalent to an MD, but focuses more on holistic and alternative solutions to medical issues
obstetrician (OB/GYN) a physician who specializes in monitoring the health of mothers and babies during pregnancy, labor, and childbirth
physical therapist (PT) a medical professional who attempts to reduce dysfunction in the musculoskeletal system by improving joint mobility, muscle strength, balance, and coordination; also called a physiotherapist
nurse a medical professional who provides therapeutic care for patients in order to improve or maintain their health
certified nurse’s aide (CNA) a medical professional who provides patients with basic healthcare treatments and procedures
licensed practical nurse (LPN) a medical professional who provides hands-on care for patients under the supervision of registered nurses and doctors
registered nurse (RN) a medical professional who can work independently to provide direct care by observing, evaluating, and treating patients
advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) a medical professional who has an advanced post-graduate degree in a nursing discipline, such as anesthesia or midwifery
nurse practitioner (NP) an advanced practice registered nurse who has a master’s degree or PhD in nursing
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) a degree awarded to nurses based on clinical practice that allows them to practice medicine independently as nurse practitioners
emergency medical technician (EMT) a medical professional who responds to emergency calls in ambulances, performs medical services, and takes patients to hospitals and medical facilities
EMT certification a state certification for the ability to provide basic emergency care and transportation for critical patients, as well as the ability to use life support equipment and skills
AEMT (Advanced Emergency Medical Technician) certification a state certification for the ability to conduct interventions on critical patients and to use life support equipment and skills
paramedic certification the highest level of state certification for an emergency medical technician certifying the ability to perform advanced life support skills in addition to interventions and life support equipment and skills
dental hygienist (DH) a medical professional who examines and cleans the teeth and mouth, performs preventive treatments, and educates patients about oral health under the supervision of a licensed dentist; can also be called a licensed dental hygienist (LDH)
dental assistant (DA)/certified dental assistant (CDA) a medical professional who prepares dental tools and materials, assists hygienists and dentists, and sometimes works as a receptionist
biomedical equipment technician (BMET) a medical professional who maintains and operates medical equipment, such as ultrasound, CAT scan, and dialysis machines
medical transcriptionist a health informatics specialist who records physicians’ oral notes for patient records
Registered Medical Transcriptionist (RMT) a certification that indicates that an individual has the essential skills and knowledge to work as a medical transcriptionist
Certified Medical Transcriptionist (CMT) a certification that indicates that an individual has expert knowledge in medical transcription
Certified Coding Specialist – Physician Based (CCS-P) given to an individual to demonstrate knowledge of medical coding, specializing in physician-based settings
Certified Coding Specialist (CCS) given to an individual to demonstrate knowledge of techniques for medical coding, specializing in hospital practice settings
Created by: rleroux