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Med Patient Status

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
medical orders are instructions to medical staff.
no added salt (NAS) indicates that a patient should not be given additional salt at meals
no known allergies (NKA) describes a patient who has no recorded or known allergies.
nothing by mouth (NPO) is a medical order instructing medical staff to not allow the patient to ingest any substances orally.
out of bed (OOB) indicates that a patient should get out of bed for a particular activity, or just for the exercise of getting out of bed.
bed rest (BR) is an order requiring consistent rest time in bed.
complete bed rest (CBR) is an order requiring that a patient remain in bed at all times.
bathroom privileges (BRP) indicate that a patient has permission to use bathroom facilities unsupervised and at his or her own discretion
do not resuscitate (DNR) is a signed legal order that states that a patient is not to be administered life-saving procedures if the heart or breathing stops.
emergency procedures are actions performed in a hospital or at the scene of an emergency when someone requires immediate medical care.
medical procedures are actions performed on a patient, which can include tests using sophisticated medical technology.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure administered to a patient whose heart has stopped beating
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an imaging technique that uses magnets to obtain structural or functional images of the body
computer axial tomography (CAT) is an imaging technique that uses invisible energy waves to obtain cross-sectional images of the body.
positron emission tomography (PET) is an imaging technique that produces a three-dimensional image of a functional process in the body.
ultrasound (US) is an imaging technique that uses sound waves to create images of structures inside the body.
electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) is a measurement of the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time.
electroencephalogram (EEG) is a measurement of the brain’s spontaneous electrical activity over a period of time
advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) is a series of life-sustaining procedures administered in response to major heart traumas.
advanced life support (ALS) is a series of procedures administered to a patient to sustain vital life processes, such as breathing and heartbeat.
alert, awake, and oriented (AAO) patients are awake, know who and where they are, recognize those around them, and know the date and time.
afebrile (afeb) indicates no fever and denotes a patient with a normal body temperature of approximately 98.6°F.
while awake (WA) indicates that an action must take place while the patient is awake
loss of consciousness (LOC) indicates that the patient at some point lost awareness and could not respond to cues.
range of motion (ROM) is a description of the ability of a patient to move his or her joints.
prescription (Rx) indicates the drugs a patient is currently taking or has formerly been ordered to take.
prognosis (Px) is an indication of the probable course or outcome of a patient’s disease or condition
blood pressure (B/P) describes the pressure of the blood against the tubes that it travels through
blood sugar (BS) refers to the amount of glucose in a patient’s blood.
fasting blood work (FBW) work is blood work taken after several hours of fasting, or not eating.
heart rate (HR or BPM) a measure of how many times the heart beats in a minute.
keep vein open (KVO) indicates that a catheter inserted into a blood vein should be kept at a constant drip rate.
Treatment (Tx) is the current method of treating the patient’s symptoms.
History (Hx) refers to a patient’s medical history
chief complaint (CC) indicates the reason the patient is seeking medical attention.
discharge against medical advice (DAMA) is used on a discharge order to indicate that the patient requested to leave a medical facility although the medical supervisor advised against it.
stat immediately, indicating that an order should be executed with no delay.
as needed (PRN) indicates that a medication should be dispensed as needed by the patient.
as tolerated (as tol) indicates that an activity can be done as long as it does not cause the patient discomfort.
b.i.d. means twice a day, indicating that a prescription should be taken twice a day
Created by: rleroux