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infection control

TermDefinition
MRSA a bacterial infection that is resistant to many antibiotics, multi-drug resistant, contagious, skin infection
microbe small living plant or animal that can only be seen with a microscope
pathogen cause infection and disease
nosocomial disease acquired by an individual within a healthcare facility
sterilization the process of destroying all non-pathogens and pathogens including spores
communicable disease can be transmitted from one person to another person
disinfection process of destroying pathogens
OSHA occupational safety and health administration
standard precautions use at all times, handwashing, wearing gloves, gowns, masks, eye protection, proper handling and disposal of sharps, wastes, liners
CDC center for disease control
exposure incident any contact of the eye, mouth, mucous membrane, non-intact skin with blood or other potentially infectious materials incidents must be reported
bloodborne pathogens pathogens spread by blood or bodily fluids
symptoms of the flu fever, chills, muscle aches, cough, congestion, runny nose, headaches, fatigue
chain of infection infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host
donning PPE gown, mask, goggles, gloves
HIV human immunodeficiency virus, limits the body to fight off infection
aseptic handwashing free of pathogens, use before procedures, critical care units, patients with specific diagnosis, special infection control circumstances
multi-drug resistant organism bacteria/ microorganisms developed resistance to antimicrobial drugs
needlestick safety act employers must identify and use safer medical devices. must maintain a sharps injury log
biohazard biohazard label used to signal signal materials carry health risk, include viral samples and used hypodermic needles
isolation precautions standard, contact, airborne, droplet, reverse
contact precautions must be followed for any patients known or suspected of a rapidly spreading infection. must wear gloves and gowns.
airborne precautions procedures designed to reduce the chance certain disease causing microbes transmitted through the air must wear a N95 respirator mask
reverse isolation use with patients who have weak very weak immune systems
droplet precautions use for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted through large droplets
Created by: goff