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Med Disease.Disorder

Medical Terminology

AD stands for Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative disease that affects the functions of the brain and nervous system, leading to memory loss, forgetfulness, and irrational behavior.
ADD and ADHD stand for attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, respectively, a class of disorders that affect a person’s ability to concentrate on specific tasks.
AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a disease in which the body is unable to fight to stay healthy
AMI stands for acute myocardial infarction, which is formal medical terminology to describe a heart attack, a type of heart failure
BA stands for bronchial asthma, a condition in which the lungs become irritated, making it hard for an individual to breathe.
CA stands for cancer, a condition that describes the uncontrolled growth of cells in the body.
CAD or CHD stands for coronary artery/heart disease, a condition caused by the obstruction of blood flow in the body.
CF stands for cystic fibrosis, an inheritable disease that causes a build-up of mucus in the body, leading to organ damage.
CHF stands for congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart can no longer sufficiently pump blood throughout the body and oxygen-rich blood can no longer be supplied to the heart
COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a chronic condition that results in difficulty breathing because the passages in the lungs that transfer air become clogged and misshapen.
DM stands for diabetes mellitus, a disease in which the body has difficulty managing and regulating levels of sugar in the bloodstream.
FAS stands for fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of mental or physical defects that can develop in an unborn baby from the mother’s alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
FBOA stands for foreign-body obstructed airway, an airway that has been obstructed by a foreign object, usually because the object has been swallowed.
FUO stands for fever of unknown origin, a diagnosis noted when a patient has a temperature of 101ºF or more several times over the course of three weeks and doctors cannot determine the cause.
Fx stands for fracture, a specific way that a bone has been broken
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, the harmful agent that causes people to get AIDS.
HPV stands for human papillomavirus, the virus that can cause warts, which are growths on the skin.
IBD stands for inflammatory bowel disease, a group of inflammatory conditions in the intestines
IBS stands for irritable bowel syndrome, a disorder of the digestive system characterized by chronic bloating, discomfort, abdominal pain, and altered bowel habits
LD stands for learning disability, any number of diagnosable disabilities that affect a person’s ability to learn specific skills, such as reading, writing, speaking, or math.
MD stands for muscular dystrophy, a group of muscle diseases that weaken and interfere with movement.
MS stands for multiple sclerosis, a condition in which the body cannot properly send electrical messages to various parts, thereby limiting functionality
OA stands for osteoarthritis, a disorder that results in the degeneration of joints, which are the locations where bones connect in the body.
OCD stands for obsessive-compulsive disorder, a mental health disorder characterized by obsessive behaviors meant to ease anxieties.
PD stands for Parkinson’s disease, a degenerative condition of the central nervous system that causes a loss of muscle control
PE stands for pulmonary embolism, the blockage of one of the main parts of the lungs, which are the parts of the body that support breathing.
SIDS stands for sudden infant death syndrome, the sudden death of an infant that has no known medical history or cause.
STI stands for sexually transmitted infection, any number of diseases that are transmitted through human sexual behaviors.
TB stands for tuberculosis, an infectious and sometimes fatal disease that affects the lungs
URI stands for urinary tract infection, an infection in any part of the urinary system, which is the system of the body that collects and excretes liquid waste
UTI stands for urinary tract infection, an infection in any part of the urinary system, which is the system of the body that collects and excretes liquid waste
Created by: rleroux