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Chapter 15 Vocab

Other Diseases and Disabilities

TermDefinition
Allergy A reaction by the body's immune system to a harmless substance.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Wide-ranging legislation intended to make American society more accessible to people who have disabilities.
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints
Asthma A disorder that causes the airways that carry air into the lungs to become narrow and to become clogged with mucus.
Autoimmune Disease A disease in which the immune system attacks the cells of the body that the immune system normally protects.
Disability A physical or mental impairment or deficiency that interferes with a person's normal activity.
Gene A segment of DNA located on a chromosome that codes for a specific hereditary trait and that is passed from parent to offspring.
Gene Therapy A technique that places a healthy copy of a gene into the cells of a person whose copy of the gene is defective.
Genetic Counseling The process of informing a person or couple about their genetic makeup.
Hereditary Disease A disease caused by abnormal chromosomes or by defective genes inherited by a child from one or both parents.
Human Genome Project A research effort to determine the locations of all human genes on the chromosomes and to read the coded instructions in the genes.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) An autoimmune disease in which the body mistakenly attacks myelin, the fatty insulation on nerves in the brain and spinal cord.
Tinnitus A buzzing, ringing, or whistling sound in one or both ears that occurs even when no sound is present.
Created by: risdhealth