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Chapter 13 Vocab

Preventing Infectious Diseases

TermDefinition
Amebic Dysentery An inflammation of the intestine that is caused by an ameba.
Anitbiotic Resistance A condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic.
Bacteria Tiny, single-celled organisms, some of which can cause disease.
Fungus An organism that absorbs and uses nutrients of living or dead organisms.
Hepatitis An inflammation of the liver.
Infectious Disease Any disease that is caused by an agent that has invaded the body.
Inflammation A reaction to an injury or infection that is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling.
Lymphatic System A network of vessels that carry a clear fluid
Meningitis An inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
Pathogen Any agent that causes disease.
Salmonellosis A bacterial infection of the digestive system that is usually spread by eating contaminated food.
Symptom A change that a person notices in his or her body or mind and that is caused by a disease or disorder.
Vaccine A substance that is usually prepared from killed or weakened pathogens or from genetic material and that is introduced into a body to produce immunity.
Virus A tiny disease-causing particle that consists of genetic material and a protein coat.
White Blood Cell A blood cell whose primary job is to defend the body against disease.
Created by: risdhealth