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Chapter 18 Vocab

Reproduction, Pregnancy, and Development

TermDefinition
Egg (Ovum) The sex cell that is made by the ovaries and that can be fertilized by sperm.
Embryo A developing human, from fertilization through the first 8 weeks of development.
Fallopian Tube The female reproductive organ that connect an ovary to the uterus and that transports an egg from the ovary to the uterus.
Fertilization The process by which a sperm and an egg and their genetic material join to create a new human life.
Fetus A developing human, from the start of the ninth week of pregnancy until delivery.
Menstrual Cycle A monthly series of hormone controlled changes that prepare the uterine lining for a pregnancy.
Ovary The female reproductive organ that produces eggs and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Penis The male reproductive organ that removes urine from the body and that can deliver sperm to the female reproductive system.
Placenta A blood vessel-rich organ that forms in a mother's uterus and that provides nutrients and oxygen to and removes waste from a developing baby.
Prenatal Care The healthcare provided for a woman during her pregnancy.
Semen A fluid made up of sperm and other secretions from the male reproductive organs.
Sexual Intercourse The reproductive process in which the penis is inserted into the vagina and through which a new human life may begin.
Sperm The sex cell that is made by the testes and that is needed to fertilize an egg from a female.
Testis (Testicle) The male reproductive organ that makes sperm and testosterone.
Uterus The female reproductive organ that provides a place to support a developing human being.
Vagina The female reproductive organ that connects the outside of the body to the uterus and that receives sperm during reproduction.
Created by: risdhealth