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Substances Fall 2016

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
drug abuse the intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug
drug any substance, other than food, that causes changes a person's body or behavior
medicine a legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness or disease
addiction losing control over use of a drug
physical dependence needing more and more and more of drug for the body to function normally
psychological dependence your mind thinking that you need a drug to function normally
withdrawal symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance condition that repeated use of a drug causes it to have less effect
drug interaction the effects of taking drugs at the same time
synergistic drug interaction when two drugs are taken at the same time and interact to produce effects greater than each would produce alone
antagonistic drug interaction when two drugs are taken at the same time and one drug's effect is reduced or canceled by the other
drug use taking legal drugs in the manner that they are intended
drug misuse improper use of medicines
prescription drugs a drug that can only be obtained by having a written note from a doctor
over-the-counter drugs a medicine that is sold legally without a doctor's prescription
stimlulants classification of drugs that increases the activity of the brain
depressants drugs that slow down brain and body functions
hallucinogens drugs that distort perception, thought and mood
club drugs drugs that found popularity at dance clubs and raves
inhalants a drug classification where chemical vapors are inhaled and produce mind-altering effects
anabolic steroids artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone; used illegally to gain muscle size and strength
marijuana a drug made from a hemp plant; thought to be a gateway drug
gateway drug a drug that usually causes someone to use a 'harder' drug
analgesic pain reliever
narcotics highly addictive drugs; taken to relieve pain and induce sleep
cirrhosis a disease that can be caused by drinking; causes hardening of the liver
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
zero tolerance law a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication; a late stage of alcoholism
intoxication a person's mental and physical abilities being impaired by alcohol
Blood Alcohol Concentration the amount of alcohol in a person's blood; synonym is 'blood alcohol content'
Food and Drug Administration agency that protects the public from the sale of unsafe foods, drugs and cosmetics
tar cancer causing agent in cigarettes
nicotine addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide poisonous gas released when cigarettes are smoked; pushes oxygen out of the blood
sidestream smoke smoke that goes directly into the air from a burning cigarette
mainstream smoke smoke that is exhaled from a smoker's lungs
emphysema destruction of the alveoli in the lungs; caused by smoking
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi caused by smoking
carcinogen cancer-producing agent
secondhand smoke combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke
Created by: cathypatzner