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Integumentary System

Flashcards

TermDefinition
Lesion a region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound, ulcer, abscess, tumor, etc.
Systemic part of the circulatory system with the transportation of oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the body in general, from the pulmonary part concerned with the transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide to the lungs.
Therapeutic treatment, therapy, or drug.
MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body. It's tougher to treat than most strains of staphylococcus aureus, or staph, because it's resistant to some commonly used antibiotics.
Staphlococcus a bacterium of a genus that includes many pathogenic kinds that cause pus formation, especially in the skin and mucous membranes.
Dermatology the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
Squamous relating to, consisting of, or denoting a layer of epithelium that consists of very thin flattened cells. "squamous cell carcinoma"
Cutaneous relating to, or affecting the skin
Malignant very virulent or infectious.
Benign not harmful in effect: in particular, (of a tumor) not malignant.
Abrasion an area damaged by scraping or wearing away.
Abscess a swollen area within body tissue, containing an accumulation of pus.
Furuncle technical term for boil
Carbuncle a severe abscess or multiple boil in the skin, typically infected with staphylococcus bacteria.
Acne the occurrence of inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in the skin; in particular, a condition characterized by red pimples on the face, prevalent chiefly among teenagers.
Alopecia the partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows; baldness.
Carcinoma a cancer arising in the epithelial tissue of the skin or of the lining of the internal organs.
Macules a distinct spot, such as a discolored spot on the skin.
Papules a small, raised, solid pimple or swelling, often forming part of a rash on the skin and typically inflamed but not producing pus.
Vesicles small fluid-filled bladder, sac, cyst, or vacuole within the body, or a fluid- or air-filled cavity or sac, in particular.
Pustules a small blister or pimple on the skin containing pus, or a small raised spot or rounded swelling, especially one on a plant resulting from fungal infection.
Crusts a hardened layer, coating, or deposit on the surface of something, especially something soft.
Wheals an area of the skin that is temporarily raised, typically reddened, and usually accompanied by itching.
Ulcer an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal.
Acne Vulgaris s a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
Athlete's Foot fungal infection affecting the skin between the toes. It is a form of ringworm.
Skin Cancer the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. It occurs when un-repaired DNA damage to skin cells triggers mutations, or genetic defects, that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors.
Dermatitis a condition of the skin in which it becomes red, swollen, and sore, sometimes with small blisters, resulting from direct irritation of the skin by an external agent or an allergic reaction to it.
Eczema a medical condition in which patches of skin become rough and inflamed, with blisters that cause itching and bleeding, sometimes resulting from a reaction to irritation
Impetigo a contagious bacterial skin infection forming pustules and yellow, crusty sores.
Psoriasis a skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches.
Ringworm a contagious itching skin disease occurring in small circular patches, caused by any of a number of fungi and affecting chiefly the scalp or the feet. The most common form is athlete's foot.
Verrucae a contagious and usually painful wart on the sole of the foot
Melanoma a tumor of melanin-forming cells, typically a malignant tumor associated with skin cancer.
Comedo technical term for blackhead
Cyst in the body, a membranous sac or cavity of abnormal character containing fluid.
Pilonidal containing hair nested in a cyst—used of congenitally anomalous cysts in the sacrococcygeal area that often become infected and discharge through a channel near the anus.
Sebaceous relating to oil or fat, or relating to a sebaceous gland or its secretion.
Gangrene localized death and decomposition of body tissue, resulting from either obstructed circulation or bacterial infection.
Hemorrhage an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, especially when profuse.
Contusion a region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured; a bruise.
Ecchymosis a discoloration of the skin resulting from bleeding underneath, typically caused by bruising.
Petechia a small red or purple spot caused by bleeding into the skin.
Hematoma a solid swelling of clotted blood within the tissues.
Hirsutism abnormal growth of hair on a person's face and body, especially on a woman.
Ichthyosis a congenital skin condition that causes the epidermis to become dry and rough like fish scales.
Keloid an area of irregular fibrous tissue formed at the site of a scar or injury.
Scabies a contagious skin disease marked by itching and small raised red spots, caused by the itch mite.
Skin Lesions is a part of the skin that has an abnormal growth or appearance compared to the skin around it.
Tinea technical term for ringworm.
Uriticaria a rash of round, red welts on the skin that itch intensely, sometimes with dangerous swelling, caused by an allergic reaction, typically to specific foods.
Vitiligo a condition in which the pigment is lost from areas of the skin, causing whitish patches, often with no clear cause.
Biopsy an examination of tissue removed from a living body to discover the presence, cause, or extent of a disease.
Skin Test a test for an immune reaction performed by applying a substance topically or injecting it into the skin.
Created by: AsiaMulan