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Community Dev.

Test 1

TermDefinition
Systems thinking • An analytical approach that allows us to perceive relationships and processes among the parts of a whole • Enables you to thoroughly understand your focal community system and its interrelationships with other systems
Micro-systems • The first “click” of the organizer’s mental microscope below the focal community system • Where community life is lived
Meta-systems • Meta systems are other communities that are similar to the focal community
Mezzo-systems • The political, economic, and cultural systems that surround and support your focal community system • Have a direct or indirect impact on the success of your community organizing efforts
Macro-systems The largest system 'ring' • Natural environment • Economic environment • Social environment • Cultural environment
Quasi-groups • "Almost groups” • Members who share common characteristics, have emerging awareness of shared interests, and may eventually decide to act together
Primary groups • Close emotional ties
Associations • Relatively informal organizational structures
Formal organizations • Have clear legal structures and exist for limited purposes
Weaving • A non-linear process that eventually becomes part of your thinking and behavior as a community organizer
Diasporas • Occur for a variety of economic and social reasons • All are characterized by geographic dispersion coupled with cultural unity
Communities of interest • Share many of the characteristics of geographic and dispersed communities • Are bound together by shared concerns, beliefs, and values rather than geographic proximity or cultural origin.
Virtual communities • An emerging phenomenon, and there has been much debate over whether communities can really exist without face-to-face contact
Assimilation • Fitting an experience into your established mental pathways
Accommodation • Creating new or altered pathways for accepting dramatically new information and experiences into your thinking
Equilibration • Putting things back in balance
Iterative • New information is shaped to fit with existing knowledge and existing knowledge is modified to accommodate new information
Group boundary • The more or less distinct lines between focal community members and the outside world
Symbolic boundary • Generally reflect members’ internal cognitive–emotional schemas about the characteristics of community members and non-members. • Symbolic boundaries translate into social boundaries
Social boundary • Are defined in more visible ways through choice of housing, religious practices, dress, and patterns of interaction.
Closed community • Have no port of entry for newcomers • Exclusive status
Permeable boundary • Have implicit or explicit membership criteria but have many open doors • Core group, gatekeepers
Open community • Some common characteristics, values, and shared relationships to those that are so open that they may not be true communities at all • They tend not to share we-ness
Collective Identity • A reciprocal process in which you begin to add “community member” to the unconscious list of your statuses and roles
Ascribed Status • Age, gender, physical characteristics, and ethnicity
Achieved status • Education, profession, and membership in organizations, groups, and other communities
Insiders • Have an established place by reason of longevity and reputation (people trust you)
Outsiders • Are organizers who do not belong or who don’t intend to belong to the community
Insider-Outsider • Those who live or work in the focal community • Have expertise in community organizing, and want to contribute • Are recognized neither as outside experts nor as “real” leaders of the community
Social networks • Webs of interrelated people
Place-based organizing • Improves the quality of life for all of the people residing in a relatively small geographic area. Generally consists of a variety of shared events, projects, programs, and celebrations
Social entrepreneurship Altruistic efforts that are begun by a founder (a highly committed individual) Depend almost entirely on his or her vision, energy, and commitment
Social innovation • Characterized by the work of a small, dedicated group using democratic processes to meet a well-defined need. • The collection of data that identifies a need
Economic mutual aid • A reciprocal relationship between economic gain and betterment of society (e.g. community garden, my sister’s place (jewelry), united way)
Self-help groups • Associations that enable people to share experiences and coping strategies to meet specific physical and emotional needs
Alinsky-style organizing • Emphasizes organizing organizations rather than individuals and is based on the mutual self-interest of its participants
Secular–radical community advocacy • Often spurred by young, white students and graduates of elite private colleges and universities • Power based, oppressors and oppressed (How people could contain their power and use their power to oppress minorities)
Spontaneous Community-based Advocacy • Arises when focal system residents feel threatened by outsiders from mezzo- or macro-systems • Or by powerful forces within the community focal system itself
Alternative social movements • Individually focused and require limited change (Recycling)
Redemptive social movements • Individually focused and require radical changes in individual beliefs and behaviors (Alcoholics Anonymous)
Reformative social movements • Focus on all of society but have limited objectives (Disability awareness movement)
Revolutionary social movements • Seek to fundamentally change social structures and the premises upon which societies are based (Sustainability movement)
Involuntary collaboration • Occurs when funders push for organizations to work together to save money
Voluntary collaboration • Is freely chosen, allows for creative expansion of resources, enhances connected learning, and builds trust.
Created by: PaigeV