Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Echo Acronymns

Echocardiography Acronymns and Abbreviations

A-long apical long axis
A-mode amplitude mode (amplitude vs. depth)
A (italicized) late diastolic ventricular filling velocity with atrial contraction
A' (italicized) diastolic tissue Doppler velocity with atrial contraction
A2C apical two-chamber
A4C apical four-chamber
AcT (A and c italicized) acceleration time
A dur (subscript) transmitral A-velocity duration
a dur (subscript) pulmonary vein a-velocity duration
AF atrial fibrillation
AMVL anterior mitral valve leaflet
Ao aortic or aorta
AR aortic regurgitation
AS aortic stenosis OR atrial septum
ASD atrial septal defect
ATVL anterior tricuspid valve leaflet
AV atrioventricular OR aortic valve
AVA aortic valve area
AVR aortic valve replacement
BAV bicuspid aortic valve
BSA body surface area
c propagation velocity of sound in tissue
CAD coronary artery disease
CPB cardiopulmonary disease
cath cardia catheterization
C m (C italicized, m subscript) specific heat of tissue
CMR cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
CO cardiac output
CS coronary sinus
CT computed tomography
Cx circumflex coronary artery
D diameter
DA descending aorta
dP/dt rate of change in pressure over time
dT/dt rate of increase in temperature over time
DT deceleration time
dyne . s . cm-5 units of resistance
D-TGA complete transposition of the great arteries
E (italicized) early-diastolic peak velocity
E' (italicized) early-diastolic tissue Dopler velocity
ECG electrocardiogram
ED end-diastole
EDD end-diastolic dimension
EDV end diastolic volume
EF ejection fraction
endo endocardium
epi epicardium
EPSS E-point septal separation
ES end-systole
ESD end-systolic dimension
ESV end-systolic volume
ETT exercise treadmill test
delta f frequency shift
FL false lumen
F n (subscript) near field
F o (subscript) resonance frequency
F s (subscript) scattered frequency
FSV forward stroke volume
F T (subscript) transmitted frequency
HCM hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
HPRF high pulse repetition frequency
HV hepatic vein
I intensity of exposure to ultrasound
IAS interatrial septum
ID indicator dilution
IV intravenous
IVC inferior vena cava OR isovolumic contraction
IVCT isovolumic contraction time
IVRT isovolumic relaxation time
LA left atrium
LAA left atrial appendage
LAD left anterior descending coronary artery
LAE left atrial enlargement
LCC left coronary cusp
LMCA left main coronary artery
LPA left pulmonary artery
LSPV left superior pulmonary vein
L-TGA corrected transposition of the great arteries
LV left ventricle
LV-EDP left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
LVID left ventricular internal dimension
LVOT left ventricular outflow tract
M-mode motion display (depth vs. time)
MAC mitral annular calcification
MI myocardial infarction
MR mitral regurgitation
MS mitral stenosis
MV mitral valve
MVA mitral valve area
MVL mitral valve leaflet
MVR mitral valve replacement
NBTE nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis
NCC noncoronary cusp
delta P pressure gradient
PA pulmonary artery
PAP pulmonary artery pressure
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PDA patent ductus arteriosus OR posterior descending artery (depends on context)
PE pericardial effusion
PEP preejection period
PET positron-emission tomography
PISA proximal isovelocity surface area
PLAX parasternal long-axis
PM papillary muscle
PMVL posterior mitral valve leaflet
PR pulmonic regurgitation
PRF pulse repetition frequency
PRFR peak rapid filling rate
PS pulmonic stenosis
PSAX parasternal short-axis
PV pulmonary vein
PVC premature ventricular contraction
PV D (subscript) pulmonary vein diastolic velocity
PVR pulmonary vascular resistance
PWT posterior wall thickness
Q volume flow rate
Q p (subscript) pulmonic volume flow rate (pulmonary volume flow rate)
Q s (subscript) systemic volume flow rate
r correlation coefficient
R (italicized) ventricular radius
R FR (subscript) regurgitant instantaneous flow rate
RA right atrium
RAE right atrial enlargement
RAO right anterior oblique
RAP right atrial pressure
RCA right coronary artery
RCC right coronary cusp
R e (subscript) Reynold's number
RF regurgitant fraction
RJ regurgitant jet
R o (subscript) radius of microbubble
ROA regurgitant orifice area
RPA right pulmonary artery
RSPV right superior pulmonary vein
RSV regurgitant stroke volume
RV right ventricle
RVE right ventricular enlargement
RVH right ventricular hypertrophy
RVol regurgitant volume
RVOT right ventricular outflow tract
SAM systolic anterior motion
SC subcostal
SEE standard error of the estimate
SPPA spatial peak pulse average
SPTA spatial peak temporal average
SSN suprasternal notch
ST septal thickness
STJ sinotubular junction
STVL septal tricuspid valve leaflet
SV stroke volume OR sample volume OR single ventricle
SVC superior vena cava
T1/2 pressure half-time
TD thermodilution
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
TGA transposition of the great arteries
TGC time-gain compensation
Th wall thickness
TL true lumen
TN true negatives
TOF tetralogy of Fallot
TP true positives
TPV time to peak velocity
TR tricuspid regurgitation
TS tricuspid stenosis
TSV total stroke volume
TTE transthoracic echocardiography
TV tricuspid valve
V (italicized) volume OR velocity (depends on context); v always velocity
VAS ventriculo-atrial septum
Veg vegetation
VSD ventricular septal defect
VTI velocity-time integral
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
z acoustic impedance
EROA effective regurgitant orifice area
HFpEF heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
HFrEF heart failure with reduced ejection fraction
ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator
ICE intracardiac echocardiography
LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic dimension
LVEDP left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
LVESD left ventricular end-systolic dimension
LVPW left ventricular posterior wall
NSTEMI non-ST-segment elevato myocardial infarction
PFO patent foramen ovale
STEMI ST-segment myocardial infarction
TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion
TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement
TG transgastric
5C five-chamber view
AA aortic arch
AI aortic insufficiency
ALCAPA anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
APB absent pulmonary vein
aRV atrialized right ventricle
ASO arterial switch operation
AVC atrioventricular canal OR aortic valve closure
AVSD atrioventricular septal defect
AVV atrioventricular valve
AVVR atriventricular valve regurgitation
BT Blalock-Taussig
BVF bulboventricular foramen
cc-TGA congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries
CFD color flow Doppler
CHD congenital heart disease
CI confidence interval
CM cardiomyopathy
CoA coarctation of the aorta
CPB cardiopulmonary bypass
DA ductus arteriosus
DAo descending aorta
DCM dilated cardiomyopathy
DCRV double-chamber right ventricle
DILV double-inlet left ventricle
DKS Damus-Kaye-Stansel (procedure)
DORV double-outlet right ventricle
DSE dobutamine stress echocardiography
EFE endocardial fibroelastastosis
FAC fractional area change
GOS Great Ormond Street
GV great vessel
HLHS hypoplastic left heart syndrome
ICE intracardiac echocardiography
ILB inferior limbic bands
IVA isovolumic acceleration
IVS interventricular septum OR intact ventricular system
IVSD inlet ventricular septal defect
LLPV left lower pulmonary vein
LM left mitral leaflet
LRV lower reference value
LSVC left superior vena cava
L-TGA levo-TGA
LUPV left upper pulmonary vein
LVE left ventricular enlargement
LVED left ventricular end-diastolic dimension
LVM left ventricular mass
LVN left ventricular noncompaction
LVO left ventricular outflow
LVOTO left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
LVP left ventricular pressure
LVPW let ventricular posterior wal;
MAPCA major aortopulmonary collateral artery
m-BT modified Blalock-Taussing
ME midesophageal
MIPG maximum instantaneous pressure gradient
MPA main pulmonary artery
MPI myocardial performance index
MPR multiplanar reconstruction
MVI myocardial videointensity
PA/IVS pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
PAPVC partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection
PAPVD partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure
PBF pulmonary blood flow
PBL posterior bridging leaflet
PHTN pulmonary hypertension
PI pulmonary insufficiency
PIPG peak instantaneous pressure gradient
PPV positive pressure ventilation
pulm V pulmonary valve
PVR pulmonary vascular resistance
RCM restrictive cardiomyopathy
RI right inferior leaflet
RLPV right lower pulmonary vein
RPA right pulmonary artery
RUPV right upper pulmonary vein
RVD right ventricle diameter
RVDCC right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation
RVEDV right ventricular end-diastolic voume
RVO right ventricular outflow
RVOTO right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
RVP right ventricular pressure
RWMA regional wall motion abnormality
SAX short axis view
SBF systemic blood flow
SCD sudden cardiac death
SCLAX subcostal long axis view
SCSAX subcostal short axis view
SD standard deviation
SLB superior limbic band
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SR strain rate
SSFP single-state free-precession
TA tricuspid atresia
TAPVC total anomalous pulmonary venous connnection
TAPVD total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
TDI tissue Doppler imaging
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
UE upper esophageal
URV upper reference value
VS ventricular septum
VSD ventricular septal defect
VVI velocity vector imaging
Created by: reedybrook