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DHO Chapter 20

Nurse Assistant Skills

TermDefinition
Alignment positioning body parts in relation to each other in order to maintain correct body posture
Anesthesia prevention of pain by loss of sensation
Bed cradle a cradle is placed on a bed under the top sheets to prevent bed linen from touching parts of the patient's body
Binders They are special devices that are ordered to hold dressings in place or provide support; usually made of heavy cotton or flannelette with elastic sides or supports. They are applied to various parts of the body, but mainly to the abdomen and breasts.
Catheter a hollow tube, usually made of soft rubber or plastic
Closed bed a bed made following the discharge of a patient and after terminal cleaning of the unit
Colostomy an opening into the large intestine, or colon
Complete Bed Bath (CBB) the health care worker bathes all parts of the patient's body and also provides oral hygiene, back care, hair care, nail care, and perineal care
Contracture a tightening or shortening of a muscle usually caused by lack of movement or usage of the muscle
Dangling sitting with the legs hanging down over the side of the bed
Defecate Having a bowel movement, or BM; the discharge of waste through the rectum. The material is called feces or stool.
Dehydration excessive loss of fluid from the body
Edema swelling
Enema an injection of fluid into the large intestine and through the rectum
Fanfolding folding the top sheets like accordion pleats
Ileostomy an opening into the ileum, a section of the small intestine
Impaction a large, hard mass of fecal material lodged in the intestine or rectum
Intake and Output a means of recording all fluids a person takes in and eliminates during a certain period of time
Mechanical lifts frequently used to transfer weak or paralyzed patients
Micturate emptying of the bladder (urinate, void)
Midstream specimen a urine specimen that is a free from contamination
Mitered corners used to hold the linen firmly in place
Montgomery straps special adhesive strips that are applied when dressings must be changed frequently at the surgical site
Occult blood blood from areas of the intestinal tract
Occupied bed a bed made while the patient is in the bed
Open bed This is done to "welcome" a new patient. It is also done for patients who are ambulatory or out of bed for short periods of time.
Operative care care provided during the surgery
Oral hygiene care of the mouth and teeth
Ostomy a surgical procedure in which an opening is created in the in the abdominal wall
Partial bed bath the health care worker bathes some parts of the patient's body
Personal hygiene includes bathing, back care, perineal care, oral hygiene, hair care, nail care, and shaving, when necessary
Postmortem care care given to the body immediately after death
Postoperative care (post-op) care provided following surgery
Preoperative care (pre-op) care provided before the surgery
Pressure (decubitis) ulcer caused by prolonged pressure on an area of the body that interferes with circulation
Rectal tube a tube inserted to aid in the expulsion of flatus
Restraints used to limit movement
Stoma an opening in the abdominal wall
Stool specimen examined by the lab, usually to check for ova and parasites (eggs and worms)
Suppository a cone-shaped object that usually has a base material of cocoa butter or glycerin
Surgical (elastic) hose ordered to support the veins of legs and increase circulation
Surgical shave shaving and cleaning of the operative site
24-hour urine specimen all of the urine produced by a patient during a 24 hour period must be saved
Ureterostomy an opening into one of the two ureters that drain urine from the kidney to the bladder
Urinary-drainage unit bag that is attached to the catheter to collect drained urine
Urinate emptying of the bladder (micturate, void)
Urine specimen one of the most common specimens used for a variety of laboratory tests such urinalysis
Void emptying of the bladder (urinate, micturate)
Created by: mrsdancona