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DHO Chapter 15

Vital Signs

TermDefinition
Apical Pulse pulse taken with a stethoscope and near the apex of the heart
Apnea temporary loss of breathing
Arrhythmia irregular heartbeat
Aural Temperature temperature measured in the ear
Axillary Temperature Temperature taken at the armpit
Blood Pressure the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels
Bradycardia slow heart rate (less than 60 beats/minute)
Bradypnea slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respirations per minute
Character depth and quality of respiration
Cheyne -Strokes respirations with periods of time of dyspnea followed by apnea and is frequently noted in dying patients
Clinical Thermometers Consists of a slender glass tube containing mercury or alcohol with red dye, which expands when exposed to heat.
Cyanosis Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood
Diastolic the blood pressure during that part of the heartbeat when the hearts venticles are relaxing
Dyspnea difficult or labored respiration
Electronic Thermometers registers the temperature on a viewer in a few seconds; can be used to take oral, rectal, axillary, and/or groin
Fever Elevated body temperature
Homeostasis A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
Hypertension abnormally high blood pressure
Hyperthermia high body temperature
Hypotension abnormally low blood pressure
Hypothermia Low body temperature
Oral Temperature temperature by mouth
Orthropnea difficulty breathing except in the erect or upright position.
Pulse beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries
Pulse Deficit conditions that occur with some heart conditions
Pulse Pressure difference between systolic and diastolic pressure
Pyrexia Another term for fever.
Rale bubbling or noisy sound caused by fluid or mucus in the air passages
Rate number of beats per minute
Rectal Temperature A temperature taken in the rectum.
Respirations reflect the breathing rate of the patient
Rhythm Refers to regularity
Syphygmomanometer blood pressure cuff, used to measure blood pressure
Stethoscope a medical instrument for listening to the sounds generated inside the body
Systolic measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries
Tachycardia abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
Tachypnea abnormally fast respirations, usually more than 24 respirations per minute
Temperature measurement of the balance between heat lost and heat produced by the body
Temporal Scanning Thermometer specialize electronic thermometers that measure the temperature in the temporal artery of the forehead
Temporal Temperature measurement of the body temperature at the temporal artery, taken across the forehead
Tympanic Thermometer An instrument used to measure the temperature of the inner ear (ear drum)
Vital Signs determinations that provide information about body conditions; include temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure
Volume Refers to strength
Wheezing Difficult breathing with a high-pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration
Created by: mrsdancona