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DHO Chapter 10

Geriatric Care

Alzheimer's Progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain. It is the most common cause of premature senility.
Arteriosclerosis The thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries, occurring typically in old age.
Arthritis Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints
Atherosclerosis A disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls.
Osteoporosis A medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
Reality Orientation A program designed to improve cognitive and psycho motor function in persons who are confused or disoriented.
Religion An organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods
Senile Lentigines Benign pigmented flat spots on sun-exposed skin in older adults, especially on the back of the hands and on the forehead. Also called liver spots.
Thrombus A stationary blood clot along the wall of a blood vessel, frequently causing vascular obstruction.
Transient Ischemic attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke): A neurological event with the signs and symptoms of a stroke, but which go away within a short period of time. Also called a mini-stroke, it is due to a temporary lack of adequate blood and oxygen (ischemia) to the brain.
Emphysema Is a chronic respiratory disease where there is over-inflation of the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs, causing a decrease in lung function, and often, breathlessness.
Ombudsman: A troubleshooter who can help managed care plan members resolve problems or complaints with the plan. The ombudsman may work for the plan or for an outside agency, such as a state or county government.
Nocturia The need to urinate during the night.
Myth An imaginary or fictitious thing or person
Gerontology Is the study of the social, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of aging.
Geriatric care: Care that is provided for elderly individuals.
Urinary incontinence (UI) Happens when you are not able to keep urine from leaking out of your urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine out of your body from your bladder. You may leak urine from time to time. Or, you may not be able to hold any urine.
Glaucoma Is a group of diseases that can damage the eye's optic nerve. It is a leading cause of blindness in the United States. It usually happens when the fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises, damaging the optic nerve.
Bronchitis Is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air to the lungs. It causes: a productive cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, a low fever, and chest tightness. There are two main types: acute and chronic.
Cataract Is a clouding of the lens in your eye. It affects your vision. They are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have One or have had surgery to correct this condition.
Cerebrovascular accident The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.
Culture Is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
Delirium Rapidly changing mental states. Can be caused by: meds, poison, serious illness, infections and pain. Features: change in level of consciousness, deficits to attention, awareness, thinking, memory, emotion, muscle control, sleeping and waking
Dementia Is the name for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease. People with dementia may not be able to think well enough to do normal activities, such as getting dressed or eating.
Memory loss Common symptom of dementia. However, memory loss by itself does not mean you have dementia.
Disability A physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities.
Disease Is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing and pain while swallowing (odynophagia). Some people may be completely unable to swallow or may have trouble safely swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva.
Created by: mrsdancona