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DHO Chapter 8

Human Growth and Development

TermDefinition
acceptance the process of receiving or taking; approval; belief
adolescence period of development from 12 to 20 years of age; teenage years
affection a warm or tender feeling toward another; fondness
Alzheimer's disease progressive, irreversible disease involving memory loss, disorientation, deterioration of intellectual function, and speech and gait disturbances
anger feeling of displeasure or hostility; mad
anorexia nervosa psychological disorder involving appetite and excessive weight loss not caused by a physical disease
arteriosclerosis hardening and/or narrowing of the walls of arteries
bargaining process of negotiating an agreement, sale, or exchange
bulimarexia psychological condition in which person alternately eats excessively and then uses laxatives or vomits to get rid of food
bulimia psychological condition in which person alternately eats excessively and then fasts or refuses to eat
chemical abuse use of chemical substances without regard for accepted practice; dependence on alcohol or drugs
communication process of transmission; exchange of thoughts or information
compensation something given or received as an equivalent for a loss, service, or debt; defense mechanism involving substitution of one goal for another goal to achieve success
cultural diversity having a variety of cultures in the same area
daydreaming defense mechanism of escape; dreamlike musing while awake
defense mechanisms physical or psychological reaction of an organism used in self defense or to protect self-image
denial declaring untrue; refusing to beleive
depression psychological conditional of sadness, melancholy, gloom, or despair
displacement defense mechanism in which feelings about one person are transferred to someone else
early adulthood period of development from 20 to 40 years of age
early childhood period of development from 1 to 6 years of age
emotional pertaining to feelings or psychological states
esteem place a high value on; respect
hospice program designed to provide care for the terminally ill while allowing them to die with dignity
infancy period of development from birth to 1 year of age
late adulthood period of development beginning at 65 years of age and ending at death
late childhood period of development from 6 to 12 years of age
life stages stages of growth and development experienced by an individual to work in a given occupation
listening to pay attention, make an effort to hear
mental pertaining to the mind
middle adulthood period of development from 40 to 65 years of age
motivated stimulated into action; incentive to act
needs lack of something required or desired; urgent want or desire
nonverbal without words or speech
physical of or pertaining to the body
physiological needs basic physical or biological needs required by every human being to sustain life
projection defenses mechanism in which an individual places the blame for his or her actions on someone else or circumstances
puberty period of growth and development during which secondary sexual characteristics begin to develop
rationalization defense mechanism involving the use of a reasonable or acceptance excuse as explanation for behavior
repression defense mechanism involving the transfer of painful or unacceptable ideas, feelings, or thoughts into the subconscious
right to die individual who has a terminal illness with no hope of being cured, should be allowed to refuse measures that would prolong life
safety the state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions
satisfaction fulfillment of gratification of a desire or need
self-actualization achieving one's full potential
sexuality the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
social pertaining to relationships with others
suicide killing oneself
tension uncomfortable inner sensation, discomfort, strain, or stress that affects the mind
terminal illness an illness that will result in death
verbal expressed in spoken words
withdrawal the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug
Created by: mrsdancona