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DHO Chapter 2

Health Care Systems

TermDefinition
hospitals one of the major types of health care facilities
long-term care facilities mainly provide assistance and care for the elderly patients, called residents
independent and assisted living allow individuals who can care for themselves to rent or purchase an apartment in the facility
medical offices could be privately owned by one doctor or could be large complexes that operate as corporations and employ many doctors and other health professionals
dental offices could be privately owned by one or more dentists; could also be dental clinics that employ a group of dentists
clinics health care facilities found in many areas of health care; can be a group of medical or dental doctors who share a facility and personnel or operated by private groups who provide special care
optical centers provide vision exams, prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses, and check for eye disease
laboratories perform special diagnostic tests such as blood or urine tests
home health care provide care in a patient's home; nursing care, personal care, therapy, etc.
hospice provide care for terminally ill persons who usually have life expectancies of 6 months or less
mental health facilities treat patients with mental disorders or diseases
genetic counseling centers work with couples or individuals who are pregnant or considering a pregnancy; they perform prenatal screening tests, check for genetic abnormalities and birth defects, explain the results of the tests, identify medical options.
rehabilitation facilites provide care to help patients with physical or mental disabilities obtain maximum self-care and function; services may include physical, occupational, recreational, speech, and hearing therapy
health maintenance organizatoins provide total health care directed toward preventative health care for a fee that is usually fixed and prepaid; services include examinations, basic medical services, health education, and hospitalization or rehabilitation services needed
industrial health care centers found in large companies; provide health care for employees of the industry or business by performing basic examinations, teaching accident prevention and safety, and providing emergency care
school health services provide emergency care for victims of accidents and sudden illness; perform tests to check for health conditions such as speech, vision, and hearing problems; promote health education; maintain a safe and sanitary school environment
World Health Organization (WHO) international agency sponsored by the United Nations; complies statistics and information on disease, publishes health information, and investigates and addresses serious health problems throughout the world
US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) national agency that deals with the health problems in the United States
National Institutes of Health (NIH) a division of USDHHS; involoved in research on disease
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) another division of the USDHHS; concerned with causes, spread, and control of diseases in populations
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) federal agency responsible for regulating food and drug products sold to the public
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) federal agency established in 1990 to research the quality of health care delivery and identify the standards of treatment that should be provided by health care facilities
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses
health departments provide health services as directed by the USDHHS
voluntary or non-profit agencies supported by donations, membership fees, fund-raisers, and federal or state grants; they provide health services at national, state, and local levels
health insurance plans used to pay for costs of health care; plans offered by several thousand insurance agencies
preferred provider organization (PPO) forms a contract with certain health care agencies, such as a large hospital and/or specific doctors and dentists, to provide certain types of health care at reduced rates
Medicare federal government program that provides health care for almost all individuals over the age of 65, for any person with a disability who has received social security benefits for at least 2 years, and for any person with end-stage renal disease
Medigap health insurance plans that help pay expenses not covered by Medicare
Medicaid medical assistance program jointly funded by the federal government and state governments but operated by individual states
workers' compensation health insurance plan providing treatment for workers injured on the job
TRICARE US government health insurance plan for all military personnel
managed care an approach that has developed in response to rising health care costs; ensure that money is spent efficiently rather than wastefully
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) set of federal regulations adopted to protect the confidentiality of patient information and the ability to retain health insurance coverage
assisted living facilities allow individuals to take care of themselves while providing meals, housekeeping, transportsation, social events and basic medical care
Created by: mrsdancona