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HCP Reproductive

Reproductive Test

Ovum/ova Female gametes (sex cells), eggs
Sperm Male gametes (sex cells)
Semen Mixture of secretions of sperm, seminal vesicles and prostate
Epididymis Where sperm matures; runs down the length of the testicle then turns upward into the body, where it becomes narrow tube to the vas deferens
Fallopian tube Extends from the upper end of the uterus to a point near but not attached to an ovary
Ovulation the release of a mature egg from the follicle on the surface of the ovary
Conception When a sperm penetrates the descending ovum, fertilization occurs and new life begins
Implantation the embedding of the of the zygote into the endothelial lining of the uterus
Vas Deferens Leads from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct in the prostate
Ejaculatory duct Carry sperm and fluids know as semen through the prostate gland and into the urethra
Ovaries Small almond shaped organs located in the lower abdomen, on one either side of the uterus
Testes Glands where sperm production begins; produces testosterone
Scrotum encloses, protects, and supports the testicle
Penis Male sex organ that transports the sperm into the female vagina
Uterus Pear-shaped organ with muscular walls and a mucous membrane lining filled with a rich supply of blood vessels
Endometrium Is the inner layer, which consists of specialized epithelial mucosa
Vulva Female external genitalia are also known collectively as the vulva or pudendum
Clitoris is an organ of sensitive, erectile tissue located anterior to the vagina opening and the urethral meatus
Fimbriae Are the finer-like extensions that catch the ovum when it leaves the ovary
Vagina A muscular tube lined with muscosa that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body
Perineum Region between the vagina orifice (opening) and the anus
Gonads- Male and Female Testes and ovaries
Gonorrhea STD that produces a greenish-yellow discharge in males
Chlamydia STD caused by a bacterium that lives as an intracellular parasite
Herpes STD caused by a virus and characterized by fluid filled vesicles and ulcers
Syphilis STD caused by a spirochete bacterium
HPV AKA genital warts, caused by the human papillomavirus. Is highly contagious and increases the risk of genital and cervical cancer
Pubic Lice Parasites that are transmitted sexually
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Any inflammation of the female reproductive organs not associated with surgery or pregnancy. Occurs as a complication of STDs
Castration Is the surgical removal or destruction of both testicles
Circumcision Is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis and is usually performed a few days after birth
Vasectomy The male sterilization procedure in which a portion of the vas deferen is surgically removed
Orchiectomy Surgical removal of one or both testicles
Hysterectomy Surgical removal of the uterus and may not include the cervix
Testicular cancer Cancer of the testicles, common signs are lumps or swelling in the testicles.
Prostate cancer Cancer of the prostate gland. One of the most common type in men
Breast cancer Cancer of the fatty tissue in the breasts, small lumps and bumps are common indicators, can spread to other areas of the body
Cervical cancer Second most common type of cancer in women and usually affects women between the ages of 35-55. Can be detected early through pap tests
Endometriosis Condition in which endometrial tissue escapes the uterus and grows outside the uterus on the other structures in the pelvic cavity
Bulbourethral gland Located on either side of the urethral tissue escapes the urethra just below the prostate gland, and their ducts open into the the urethra
Bartolin's gland Two small, rounded glands on either side of the vaginal opening that produces a mucus secretion to lubricate the vagina
Testicular self exam (TSE) what age do you start, how often? Start at 15 years old and do it once a month
Self breast exam (SBE) what age do you start/ best time, and how often? Start at puberty, and do it once a month
Mammogram, how often done, baseline age to start Start a age 30, 25 if your family has a history of breast cancer
Apgar score A system to evaluate a newborn infants physical status. ( Activity, Pulse, Reflex, Appearance, and Respiration.)
-gravisa Pregnant
endo in, within, inside
TURP Transurethral Resection of Prostate; Prostatectomy
BSO Bilateral salpingo - Oophorectomy
BPH Bengin prostatic hyperplasia; Bengin prostatic hypertrophy
mamm/o or mast/o Breast
orchid/o or orch/o Testicles, testis, testes
menarche is the beginning of the menstrual function, which begins at puberty
hyster/o uterus
HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy
PMS Premenstrual Syndrome
D&C Dilation and Curettage
Colostrum Fluid (sugar water base) that comes before breast milk
Created by: zoeherrick