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HCP Endocrine System

Endocrine Test

QuestionAnswer
Functions of the endocrine system Regulates overall metabolism, hormones, growth and reproduction
Functions of the thyroid gland Regulate the body's metabolism; also introduces growth and the functioning of the nervous system
Functions of the parathyroid gland regulate calcium levels throughout the body, calcium levels are important to the smooth functions of the muscular and nervous system
Functions of the pancreas Control blood sugar levels and glucose metabolism throughout the body
Oxytocin Stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth. Causes milk to flow from the mammary glands after childbirth
Thyroxine Primary hormone secreted from the thyroid (T4); acting to increase metabolic rate and so regulating growth and development.
Cortisol Regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats , and proteins in the body. Also has an anti-inflammatory action
Norepinephrine Stimulates the sympathetic nervous system ( adrenaline)
Estrogen Develops and maintains the female secondary sex characteristics and regulates the menstrual cycle
Testosterone Stimulates the developmental secondary sex characteristics; produced mainly in the testes, but also in the ovaries and adrenal cortex.
The master gland Pituitary gland
Grave's disease - Hypothyroidism Autoimmune disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos
Myxedema - Hypothyroidism Severe form of adult hypothyroidism. Symptoms include an enlarged tongue and puffiness of the hands and face
Addison's disease Progressive disease that occurs when adrenal glands do not produce enough cortisol
Cushing's syndrome (Hypercortisolism)- Caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol, "moon face".
Gigantism (Giantism) Abnormal overgrowth of the body caused by secretion of growth hormone before puberty
Dwarfism Insufficient thyroxine
Acromegaly abnormal growth of the hands, feet, and face, caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the pituitary gland. Pituitary tumor
Goiter (Thyromegaly) Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland that produces a swelling in the front part of the neck
Pituitary "Master gland" Regulates all other endocrine glands; also release growth hormones
Pineal gland Known to influence the sleep-wakefullness cycle
Thyroid Metabolism, body heat, bone growth
Parathyroid Use of calcium and phosphorus
Thymus Plays an important role in the immune system, mostly during childhood
Adrenal cortex Outer layer of the adrenal gland; produces hormones that are vital to life, such as cortisol (which helps regulate metabolism and helps your body respond to stress) and aldosterone (which helps control blood pressure).
Adrenal Medulla Middle layer of the adrenal gland; helps a person cope with physical and emotional stress. secretes the following hormones: Epinephrine (also called adrenaline).
Pancreas Controls blood sugar levels; gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum. Embedded in the pancreas are the islets of Langerhans, which secrete into the blood the hormones insulin and glucagon.
Ovaries Produce hormones of the secondary sex (women) Estrogen and progesteronw
Testes Secondary sex of males ( hormones - Testosterone)
Metabolism Sum of all physical and chemical processes that take place in the body
Excessive Thirst Polydipsia
Sex glands Gonads (Ovaries, Testes)
Exocrine With ducts
Endocrine Without ducts
Excessive eating Polyphagia
Created by: zoeherrick