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HCP Urinary system

Nephron Functional unit of the kidneys. Form urine by the processes of filtration, re absorption, and secretion.
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Cytocele Is a hernia of the bladder through the vaginal wall.
Cystolith Kidney stone of the urinary bladder.
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination. Frequently associated with UTI's.
Anuria AKA Anuresis; is the complete suppression of the urine formation by the kidneys.
Polyuria Excessive urination.
Ketonuria The presence of ketones in the urine.
Micturition Urination, or voiding, is the normal process of excreting urine.
Hematuria Presence of blood in the urine
Voiding The normal process of excreting urine.
Hemodialysis Removal of waste products by filtering the patients blood.
Peritoneal Dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood.
Diuretics Are medications administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water.
Homeostasis balance of fluid is the body.
Meatus (Urethral or Urinary) - The external opening of the urethra.
Ureters Narrow tubes, each about 10 to 12 inches long. Carry urine from a kidney to the urinary bladder.
Bladder Hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine.
Renal Pelvis Large bony structure near the base of the spine to which the legs are attached.
Urinalysis Determine the presence of abnormal elements.
Chronic Renal Failure Progressive disease that may be caused by a variety of conditions. When kidney is insufficient, dialysis or transplantation is required.
Urinary Tract Infection Begins in the bladder. Occurs more frequently in women b/c of the urethra & proximity of its opening to the vagina and rectum.
Renal Calculus Is an abnormal mineral deposit (kidney stone)
Renal Lithasis Procedure to break up the kidney stones.
Pyleogram (Excretory Urogram) - An X-ray exam of your urinary tract.
Lithotripsy Destruction of a kidney stone w/the use of ultrasonic waves traveling through water; AKA extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
Cystoscopy Visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope.
Nephrolothotomy Surgical removal of a kidney stone through the incision in the kidney.
Nephrostomy Surgical establishment of an opening between the pelvis of the kidney through its cortex to the exterior of the body.
Nocturia Excessive urination during the night.
Hematuria Presence of blood in the urine.
Dysuria Difficulty or painful urination.
Pyuria Pus in the urine
Oliguria Scanty urination.
Incontinence Inability to control the excretory functions.
Retention Inability to excrete urine from the bladder.
Diuresis Increased excretion of urine.
CRF Chronic Renal Failure
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
nephr/o Kidney
pyle/o renal pelvis, bowl of kidney
-uria urination, urine
cyst/o urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
lith/o stone, calculus
-gram resulting record
UA urinalysis
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
Created by: zoeherrick