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Social Policy Set 2

Social Policy SW-335 Union University

QuestionAnswer
"Structural discrimination" is entrenched societal practices that favor one group over another based on group characteristics such as skin color
Key provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 instituted prohibition of employment discrimination and elimination of unequal access to public accommodations
Advocates for those with disabilities have won many of their policy victories through the US Supreme Court. Among these is Olmstead vs. L.C.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits employment discrimination for those: between the ages of 40-70
The impact of anti-discrimination legislation has been muted by: ongoing occupational segregation/institutional barriers to policy change/pervasive racism, sexism... = All of the above
NASW position on LGBT people commitment to full legal and social acceptance and societal recognition
Subsequent to the Olmstead decision, states are required to place individuals with disabilities in community settings rather than institutions, whenever possible
"Feminization of poverty" refers to disproportionately high number of women and their children who are living in poverty
The chief goal of the Americans with Disabilities Act is eradicate discrimination directed toward people with disabilities
"De facto segregation" refers to segregation caused by social practices, not laws
"Absolute poverty" refers to people whose incomes fall below the federal poverty line
"Relative poverty" refers to people whose incomes fall below what is generally considered to be an adequate standard of living in a society
the methodology of establishing the poverty line in is based on the assumption that one-third of an individual or household's taxable income is spent on food
An example of a 'universal' social program is Old Age, Survivors, Disability and Health Insurance
Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) is commonly referred to as Social Security
Among the changes enacted to OASDI in recent years are increase in the retirement age
Program to establish basic needs of workers who have lost jobs is called Unemployment Insurance
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families is funded by a block grant from the federal government to the states
NOT a stated goal of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families reduce poverty to below the pre-1996 level
Supplemental Security Income provides income assistance to poor people who are elderly blind, or have disabilities
The attitude of US social policy regarding child abuse can be characterized as little action at all until the mid-19th century, and few formalized structures until the 1960's
"Child maltreatment" includes neglect/physical abuse/sexual abuse = any of the above
Most common type of child maltreatment reported is neglect
A true characterization of the juvenile justice system is: despite declining levels of juvenile crime, public perception is that it is an epidemic that requires a fairly harsh response
Among the reasons that the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 is considered the most important piece of feral legislation to impact child welfare practice is its: emphasis on family preservation as a major goal of the child welfare system
The main impetus for the Indian Child Welfare Act was: disproportionate out-of-home placements for Native children
NOT a component of the Child Support Enforcement program? augmenting child support collections up to the federal poverty line
Components of the Child Support Enforcement program are establishing paternity, locating noncustodial parents, establishing child support obligations, collecting child support directly for families
As reauthorized in 2004, the Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1990 requires states to meet children's educational needs in the "least restrictive environment"
Evidence on privatization within child welfare has demonstrated that: it is still unclear whether client outcomes are maximized in privatized arrangements
NASW policy stance on child welfare workers can be characterized as an undergraduate or graduate degree in social work should be required for the administration of public child welfare services
Created by: dbailey9