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Substances Vocab

drug a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person's body or behavior
medicine legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease
addiction the drinker no longer has control over his or her drinking
physical dependence an alcoholic's body requires alcohol to function
psychological dependence alcoholics consider drinking a regular, essential part of coping with daily life
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance with repeated use of alcohol, it's effects in the brain become reduced
synergistic drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
antagonistic each drug's effect is cancelled out or reduced by the other
drug use using a chemical substance that alters your body
drug misuse improper use of medicines either prescription or over the counter drugs
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
prescription drug a drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
over-the-counter drug a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
club drugs got their name from first gaining popularity at dance clubs and raves; strength and quality are highly unpredictable and their effects are different from person to person and very dangerous
inhalants breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
anabolic steroids artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone
marijuana the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa
gateway drug marijuana is often the gateway to using harder drugs, such as cocaine
zero-tolerance policy teens and others under the age of 21, using alcohol is illegal; if this is broken, there will be consequences
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
blood alcohol concentration the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
Food and Drug Administration inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
tar the dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide when substances are burned, an odorless, poisonous gas is produced
secondhand smoke the combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke
mainstream smoke exhaled from a smoker's lungs
sidestream smoke smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette
emphysema a disorder in which the alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
cirrhois fat-filled liver cells die, leaving behind useless scar tissue; may lead to liver failure and death
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
dependence the brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it
blood alcohol level a synonym for blood alcohol concentration
analgesic any member of the group of drugs used to achieve relief from pain
Created by: brolarson