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substances vocab

drug any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
medicine a substance either prescription or OTC that changes the structure or function of the body, cure diseases, prevent diseases, and helps maintain health
dependence when the brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it
withdrawl a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance repeated use of alcohol will reduce the effects on the brain
addiction results in the drinker no longer has control over his or her drinking
physical dependence the appearance of a person changes by use of drugs or alcohol
physiological the brain function of a person changes by use of drugs or alcohol
synergistic When drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
antagonistic when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other
drug use the act of taking drugs for various reasons
drug misuse the improper use of medicines--either prescription or over-the-counter drugs
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
prescription drugs a drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can only be purchased at a pharmacy
over-the-counter drugs a medicine sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
depressants a psychoactive drug that slow brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
club drugs drugs that are popular in dance clubs and raves
inhalents a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
anabolic steroids artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone
marijuana the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant cannabis sativa
gateway drug a drug that leads to harder drugs
analgesic pain reliever
narcotics a drug that effects mood or behavior and can relieve pain
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC/BAL in Illinois the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage IL-.08%
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
tar the dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide when substances including tobacco are burned, an odorless, poisonous gas forms
second hand smoke inhaling the chemicals without smoking
sidestream smoke smoke that goes directly into the air directly from the cigarette
mainstream smoke exhaled form a smoker's lungs
emphysema a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis the fat-filled liver cells die, leaving behind useless scar tissue
zero tolerance law for people under the age of 21, using alcohol is illegal and users can face severe consequences starting from the first time they're caught using alcohol or other drugs
Created by: catkranich