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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any substance other than food that the structure or function of the body.
Medicine A substance either prescription or OTC that changes the structure or function of the body, prevent diseases and cure diseases.
Addiction Craving or strong emotional need to use a substance.
Dependence The brain develops a chemical need for a substance and cannot function normally without it.
Physical Dependence Mentally craving a drug and think that you need a drug to function normally.
Psychological Dependence Physically need a drug to function normally, without the drug then withdrawal occurs.
Withdrawal A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
Tolerance The condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain
Synergistic Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
Antagonism Occurs when each drugs effect is canceled out or reduced by the other.
Drug Use Using drugs correctly for medical purpose.
Drug Misuse Using a drug incorrectly.
Drug Abuse Using a drug for no medical reason, using drugs when they are illegal.
Prescription Drugs A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
Over The Counter Drugs A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctors prescription.
Stimulants Drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system.
Depressants A psychoactive drug that slows the brain and body reactions.
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought and mood.
Club Drugs Drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
Steriods To increase muscle size and strength.
Marijuana The leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa.
Gateway Drug Once you try one drug it mean you can try an even harder one after.
Analgesic Pain Reliever
Zero Tolerance Law For teens and others under the age of 21, using alcohol is illegal. In addition many schools developed this.
Reverse Tolerance A condition where less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
BAC The amount of alcohol in a persons blood, expressed as a percentage.
BAC In Illinois .08%
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA Food And Drug Administration. Inspect, tests, and assesses the safety of food and drugs.
Tar The dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
Nicotine A very addictive product in tobacco products.
Carbon Monoxide When substances including tobacco are burned, an odorless, poisonous gas is produced.
Second Hand Smoke The combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke.
Sidestream Smoke Smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette.
Mainstream Smoke Exhaled from a smokers lungs.
Emphysema A disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed.
Cirrhosis A disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue.
Created by: lexmaxwold