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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body.
Medicine A substance, either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure or function of the body; prevent diseases, cure diseases, and maintain health.
Addiction The state of losing control over the use of a drug
Dependence The condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.
Physical dependence When your body feels that it physically needs a drug
Psychological dependence When you mentally feel you need a drug
tolerance When a drugs effect becomes reduced and the body needs more of the drug to get the original effect
Synergistic When drugs interact and produce a greater effects then what they would produce alone
Antagonistic When two drug effects are cancelled out or reduced
Drug use Using drugs correctly for medical purposes
Drug misuse Using a drug incorrectly
Drug abuse Using a drug for no reason
Prescription A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor
Over-the-counter drugs (OTC) A medicine sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctors perscription
Stimulants Drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
Depressants A drug that slows down the brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood. Causing a distorted sense of reality.
Club drugs Drugs that are normally found in clubs and raves and the victim can even be unaware they have taken the drug. Strength and Quality of the drugs are highly unpredictable therefore the effects are unpredictable.
Steroids Artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone used to increase muscle mass.
Marijuana The leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant. "weed, grass, pot."
Zero Tolerance Law Anyone under the age of 21 alcohol is illegal
Reverse tolerance The phenomenon of a reversal of the side-effects from a drug, the reduction of insensitivity caused after drug tolerance has been established
Intoxication The state in which a persons mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC BAC is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a congenital syndrome caused by excessive consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy
FDA Food And Drug Administration
Tar The dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
Nicotine Tobacco plants make a chemical that is an insecticide and is highly addictive
Carbon Monoxide An odorless, poisonous gas that forms when substances like tobacco are burned
Second hand Smoke The combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke
Sidestream smoke Smoke that goes into the air directly from a cigarette
Mainstream smoke Smoke exhaled from a smoker's lung
Emphysema A disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes kining the bronchi to become inflamed
Cirrhosis When fat-filled liver cells die leaving useless scar tissue
Withdrawal A group of symptoms that occurs when a dependent person stops taking a drug
Gateway drug Used to describe marijuana because marijuana is often a gateway to harder drugs
Analgestic Pain reliever
BAL BAL is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood
BAC in Illinois BAC in Illinois for 21 + is .08%
Created by: kevkress