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Substances

Substances vocab

TermDefinition
Drug any substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body
Medicine a substance either prescription or OTC that changes the structure or function of the body, prevents disease, cure illness, or maintain health
Addiction the state of losing control over the use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for the drug
Dependence the condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it
Physical Dependence a condition in which the body requires the substance to function
Psychological Dependence a condition in which the body considers taking the substance as a normal, essential part of daily life
Withdrawl a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
Tolerance causes the body to need increasingly larger amounts of the substance to achieve the original effect
Drug Synergism occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce on its own
Drug Antagonism occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by another
Drug Use medications or prescriptions taken as directed to treat a illness effectively
Drug Misuse the improper use of medicines, either prescription or over-the-counter
Drug Abuse a drug that is intentionally used for purposes other than specified
Prescription Drug drug obtained only with written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
Over-the-counter Drugs (OTC) medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctors prescription
Stimulants drug that speeds up the effects of the central nervous system (Increased heart beat, blood pressure, breathing rate, etc.)
Depressants psychoactive drug that slows brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
Club Drugs drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves
Inhalants breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
Anabolic Steroids artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone
Maijuana the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant; also the most abused psychoactive drug
Gateway Drug drug used and can open up to harder, more dangerous drugs
Analgesic pain releaver
Zero Tolerance Law a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking
Reverse Tolerance a condition in which less and less of a substance is needed to cause intoxication
BAC blood alcohol concentration (.08% in Illinois)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA Food and Drug Administration; inspects, tests, and assess the safety of food, drugs an other consumer goods
Tar dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
Nicotine very addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon Monixide when burned produces an odorless, poisonous gas
Second Hand Smoke (non-smoker) long-term exposure causes cardiovascular disease, many respiratory problems and cancer
Sidestream Smoke smoke that goes directly into the air from the cigarette ; contains twice as much nicotine as mainstream smoke
Mainstream Smoke exhaled from a smokers lungs
Emphysema a disorder in which the alveoli can no longer function properly
Bronchitis infection that causes mucous membranes living in the bronchi to become inflamed
BAL blood alcohol level (.08% in Illinois)
Cirrhosis chronic disease of the liver
Stimulant (examples) caffine, nicotine, cocaine
Club Drugs (examples) ecstacy
Inhalants (examples) paint thinner, glue, gasoline
Hallucinogens (examples) LSD, PCP
Depressants (examples) alcohol, sleep medication
Gateway Drug (examples) marijuana
Created by: ractobler