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Substances Vocab

drug any substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body
medicine a substance, either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure or function of the body; prevents diseases. cure diseases, maintain health
addiction the state of losing control over the use of a drug.
dependence the condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.
physical dependence a state resulting from chronic use that has produced tolerance and where negative physical symptoms of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction.
psychological dependence a form of dependence that involves emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of drug use or engagement in certain behaviors.
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
tolerance the ability or willingness to tolerate something, in particular the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with.
drug use a person to take drugs.
drug misuse the improper use of medicines- either prescription or over-the-counter drugs.
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely.
prescription drugs a drug that is obtained only with a written order and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
over-the-counter drugs (OTC) a medicine sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription.
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system.
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions.
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
club drugs drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
steroids (anabolic) artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone.
marijuana the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant.
gateway drug using a drug to get to harder drugs.
analgesic a pain reliever.
narcotics refferred medically to any psychoactive compound with any sleep inducing properties.
zero tolerance law for teens and others under the age of 21, using alcohol is illegal.
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
BAC .08%
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA inspects, tests and assess the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods.
tar dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
nicotine the very addictive chemical in tobacco products.
carbon monoxide a colorless, odorless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete combustion of carbon.
synergistic occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
antagonistic occurs when each drug's effect is cancelled out or reduced by the other
Created by: lexdickenscheidt