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substances

substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any substance, other than food that changes the structure or function of the body.
Medicine A substance either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure or function of the body, prevents diseases cure diseases maintain health.
Addiction The drinker no longer has control over hos or her drinking.
Dependence With increasing tolerance the body will eventually develop, the brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it.
Physical Dependence The condition of being dependent on a substances such as a drug or given behavior.
psychological Dependence is an emotional need for a drug or substances that has no longer underlying physical need.
Withdrawal Is a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
Tolerance Tolerance causes a drinker's body to need increasingly larger amounts of alcohol achieve the original effect.
Synergistic Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
Antagonism Occurs when each drug effect is canceled out or reduced by the other.
Drug Misuse and examples Drug misuse is when you use the drugs incorrectly Examples: Taking too much of a drug, Like 6 advil instead of 2 for a headache.
Drug Abuse and examples Drug abuse is using a drug for no medical reason. Examples: Taking medicine even when you aren't sick also using drugs when illegal.
Prescription Drugs A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from the doctor and can be purchased only at the pharmacy counter.
Otc ( Over the counter drugs) A medicine that is sold legally in the pharmacies and other stores without a doctors prescription.
Stimulants Definition: Speeds up actions of the body increases blood pressure and heart rate. Examples: Caffeine, Nicotine, Ritalin
Depressants Definition: Slows down brain/spinal cord and rejects body. Examples: Alcohol, Barbiturates (amytal), Sleep meds
Hallucinogens Definition: Overload the brain with sensory information causing distorted sense of reality. Examples: Lsd (acid), Pcd (Angel Dust)
Club drugs Definition: Actions and effects are different on people body's. Example: Rohyphol ( Date Rape)
Inhalants Definition: Chemical vapors replace oxygen and can either stimulate the heart or depress brain function. Examples: Paint thinner, Glue, Gasoline, Nail polish remover
Steroids Definition: Increases muscle size, Increases strength of muscles fibers. Examples:
Marijuana Definition: Changes the way information is acted upon by the brain. Examples: " Gateway Drug", Pot, Dope, Weed
Gateway Drug Using a drug to get to harder drugs.
Analgesic Pain Reliever.
Narcotics A drug or other substances affecting the mood or behavior.
Zero Tolerance Law Illegal use of alcohol that many teens have adopted
Reverse Tolerance For alcohol a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
Bac/Bal Bac is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Is a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol and an unborn child.
FDA Inspects test and assesses the safety of food, drugs and a variety of consumer goods.
Tar Tar is a mixture of hundreds of chemicals. Effects: Brown stains on fingers and teeth, Bad breath, Smelly clothes.
Nicotine a chemical that's addictive, tobacco plants. effects: extremely poisonous, effects on several body systems.
Carbon Monoxide Substances including tobacco are burned and odorless poisonous gas is carbon monoxide. Effects: red blood cells cannot transport as much oxygen as the boy cells need.
Side stream smoke Smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette.
Main Stream Smoke Is exhaled from a smoker's lungs
Emphysema A disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Bronchitis is an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed.
Cirrhosis fats- filled liver cells die, leaving behind useless scar tissue.
Intoxication Is the state which a person's mental and physical abilities are impacted by alcohol or other substance
Created by: giajoyaux