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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug any drug other than food that changes the structure or function of the body.
Medicine a substance either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure or function of the body ,prevent diseases ,cure diseases,and maintain health.
Addiction the state of losing control over the use of a drug.
Dependence the condition that result when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.
Physical dependence
Psychological dependence
Withdrawal A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
Tolerance the condition that result when repeated use of a drug cause it to have less of an effect on the brain.
Synergistic
Antagonistic
Drug use
Drug misuse the improper use of medicines either prescription or over-the-counter drugs.
Drug abuse the intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug.
Prescription
Over-the-counter (OTC) A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription.
Stimulants A type of drug that increase the activity of the nervous system.
Depressants A drug that slows brain and body reactions.
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception,thought and mood.
Club drug Drug that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effect.
Steroids (Anabolic) An artificial form of the male hormone testosterone that is used to increase muscle size and strength.
Marijuana A drug made form the leaves,stems,and flowering tops of the hemp plant.
Gateway drug describe marijuana
zero tolerance law A law that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking.
reverse tolerance A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
BAC/BAL the amount of alcohol in a person's blood
fetal alcohol syndrome is a group of birth defects cause by effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA food and drug administration
tar mixture of hundreds of chemicals
NIcotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products.
Carbon Monoxide when substance an odorless,poisonous,gas
second hand smoke combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke .
sidestream smoke smoke goes into air directly from the cigarette.
mainstream smoke when a person smokes,smokes enters the air from two sources.
Emphysema a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
Cirrhosis when fat fills cells die learning useless scar tissues
Created by: M3RKMUS1C