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substances vocab

drug any substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body
medicine a substance either prescription or OTC that changes the structure or function of the body, may prevent diseases cure diseases maintain health
addiction/dependence state of losing control over the use of a drug; craving the drug
physical of or relating to the body as opposed to the mind
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerence the condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain
drug use a person who uses drugs.
drug misuse the improper use of medicines either prescription or OTC
drug abuse the intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug
prescription drug a drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
OTC drugs a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without doctors prescription
stimulants a type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought and mood
club drugs drug that first gained popularity at dance clubs or raves
inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind- altering effects
steroids any of a large class of organic compounds with a characteristic molecular structure containing four rings of carbon atoms (three six-membered and one five). They include many hormones, alkaloids, and vitamins.
marijuana a drug made from the leaves,stems and flowering tops of the hemp plant
gateway drug a habit-forming drug that, while not itself addictive, may lead to the use of other addictive drugs.
analesic a drug that relieves pain
narcotics a drug or other substance affecting mood or behavior and sold for nonmedical purposes, especially an illegal one
zero tolerance law policy, students face consequences, suspension starting first time caught
reverse tolerance condition in which less and less alcohol intoxication
intoxication state in which persons mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or any substance
BAC blood alcohol concentration IL-.08%
fetal alcohol syndrome group of birth defects caused by affects of alcohol on unborn child
FDA food and drug administration
tar a dark sticky that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine an extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide a poisonous , colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned
nonsmoker a person who does not smoke tobacco
sidestream smoker smoke that passes from a cigarette into the surrounding air, rather than into the smoker's lungs.
mainstream smoker smoking tobacco
emphysema a disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminate carbon monoxide
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis fat filled liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue
BAL blood alcohol level
Created by: paunibungco