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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body.
Medicine A substance, either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure of function of the body; prevent disease and cure sickness.
Addiction The need/craving for a drug.
Physical Dependence The need for a drug, effecting the state of your body.
Psychological Dependence The need for a drug, effecting the state of your mind.
Withdrawl A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops using a drug.
Tolerance The need for more of a drug to get it to its original effect
Synergistic The use of two drugs that creates a greater effect.
Antagonistic The use of two drugs that cancel out the effects of both.
Drug Use When a drug is used the right way.
Drug Misuse When a drug is improperly used.
Drug Abuse When a drug is improperly used on purpose.
Prescription Drugs A drug that can only be obtained through a doctor's written order.
OTC Drugs A drug that can be sold without a prescription.
Stimulants Drugs that increase the activity of the CNS.
Depressants Drugs that decrease the activity of the CNS.
Hallucinogens Drugs that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
Club Drugs Drugs that differ from person to person that can have unpredictable effects.
Inhalants Drugs that are breathable and produces mind-altering effects.
Steroids Drugs that increases muscle size and strength.
Marijuana The leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa.
Gateway Drug A drug that can lead to harder, more powerful drugs.
Analgesic A pain reliever.
Zero Tolerance Law A law that doesn't allow any exception.
Reverse Tolerance A condition that less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
BAC The amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage. The BAC limit is .08 in Illinois.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA Inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods.
Tar A mixture of hundreds of chemicals.
Nicotine A very addictive chemical in tobacco products.
Carbon Monoxide An odorless, poisonous gas.
Second Hand Smoke The combination of sidestream and mainstream smoke.
Sidestream Smoke Smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette.
Mainstream Smoke Smoke exhaled from the smoker's lungs.
Emphysema A disorder that makes the alveoli in the lungs improperly function.
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed.
Cirrhosis A disease that may lead to liver failure and death.
Intoxication When a person's physical and mental abilities are impaired by alcohol.
Created by: carlayton