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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any drug, other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
Medicine A substance, either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure or function of the body; prevent diseases, cure diseases, maintain health
Addiction No longer has control over substance, characterized by a craving, or strong emotional need, to use any substance
Physical Dependence A substance body requires alcohol to function
Psychological Dependence People who do any substance considers drinking a regular, essential part of coping with daily life
Withdrawal A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
Tolerance Causes someones body to need increasingly larger amounts of substance to achieve the original effect
Synergistic Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
Antagonistics Occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other
Drug use Using an illegal drug
Drug misuse Improper use of medicine
Drug abuse When a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
Dependence The brain develops a chemical need for substance and cannot function properly without it
Prescription Drugs A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
Over-the-counter Drugs A medicine that is sold legaly in pharmacies and other stores
Stimulants Drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
Depressants Drug that slows brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens Drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
Club Drugs Dangerous to people and given at clubs
Anabolic Increase muscle size and strength
Marijuana Leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant. Illegal drug
Gateway Drug Used to describe Marijuana. This drug is used more often for a gateway
Analgesic A pain reliever
Zero tolerance law For schools if with alcohol they will get a bad consequence
Reverse Tolerance Late stage for alcoholics, a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
Intoxication The state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC Amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
Fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA Inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
Tar Dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
Nicotine A addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon Monoxide Burned, an odorless, poisonous gas
Effects on non-smoker Inhale smoke from others
Sidestream smoke The air in mainstream smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette. Contains twice as much of nicotine
Mainstream smoke Exhaled from a smoker's lungs, both the cigarette filter and the smoker's lungs trap a lot of substances before they can enter the air in mainstream smoke
Emphysema Disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
Created by: monlopez