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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any substance (other than food) that changes the structure/function of the body.
Medicine A substance, either prescription or OTC, that changes the structure or function of the body; can prevent/cure diseases, and/or maintain health
Dependance When the brain develops a chemical need for a certain substance, and can't function normally without it
Addiction When the user doesn't have control over their substance use, resulted from dependance
Physical Dependence When a person's body needs a certain substance/drug to function
Psychological Dependence When a person considers using/doing drugs as a regular thing, and a part of coping with daily life
Withdrawal A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
Tolerance This causes a user's body to need increasingly larger amounts of the drug to achieve the original effect
Drug Interaction When a person takes more than one drug at a time
Drug Antagonism Occurs when each drug's effect is cancelled out or reduced by the other
Drug Synergism Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
Drug Misuse The improper use of medicines- either prescription or over-the-counter drugs
Drug Abuse When a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
Prescription Drugs A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
OTC Drugs A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
Stimulants Drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
Depressants A psychoactive drug that slows down brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood; overloads the brain with sensory information, causing a distorted sense of reality
Club Drugs Drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves; their strength and quality are unpredictable
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
Anabolic/Steroids Artificial forms of male testosterone used to increase muscle size and strength for athletes
Marijuana The leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa; one of the most frequently abused psychoactive drugs that changes the way information reaches and is acted upon by the brain
Gateway Drug A drug considered to lead to a user doing other 'harder' drugs
Analgesic Pain reliever
Zero Tolerance Law For people under the age of 21, using alcohol is illegal, and users can face severe consequences starting from the first time they're caught using alcohol or other drugs
Reverse Tolerance A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
Intoxication When a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC/BAL The amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
Factors Influence BAC Rate of consumption, gender, body size, amount of food in the stomach; Illinois BAC for 21 and up is .08%
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA Inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
Tar The dark sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
Nicotine An insecticide that is a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon Monoxide The odorless, poisonous gas produced when substances, including tobacco are burned
Sidestream Smoke Smoke that goes in the air directly from the cigarette
Mainstream Smoke Smoke exhaled from the smoker's lungs
Second Hand Smoke The combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke
Cirrhosis Disease caused by heavy drinking that cuases the liver to fill with fat and blocks the flow of blood to the liver
Narcotics Prescription pain relievers
Created by: chrgatbunton