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Substances

Substances vocab

TermDefinition
Drug A substance, other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
Medicane Legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease
Addiction The drinker no longer has control of his or her drinking
Dependence The brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it
Withdrawl A group of systems that occur when the person stops taking a drug
Tolerance Causes a drinker's body to need increasingly larger amounts of alcohol to achieve the original effect
Syngeristic Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
Antagonistic Occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other.
Drug use Using per label instruction to get rid of the pain or disease
Drug misuse Taking more than the prescribed amount, taking drugs with the wrong foods at the wrong time of the day
Drug abuse Uses "Painkillers" to get a certain high rather than to treat pain or a cough
Prescription drug Can only be obtained by a doctors note at a pharmacy and are more controlled by the government
Over-the-counter drug (OTC) Sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
Stimulant Increase the activity of the nervous system
Depressant Slows down brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
Club Drugs The strength or quality of the drug, their effects are different from person to person
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
Steroids To increase size and strength
Marijuana May act as a depressant, stimulant, or hallucinogen
Gate-way drug Leading to "harder" drugs
Analgesic Pain reliever
Zero-tolerance law Under aged person caught with alcohol or other drugs
Reverse-tolerance Less and less alcohol causes intoxication
Intoxication The state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) The amount of alcohol in a persons blood, expressed as a precentage
Fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
Food and drug Administration (FDA) Inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and variety of consumer goods
Tar A mixture of hundreds of chemicals
Nicotine Addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon monoxide Is produces when tobacco products are burned
Second hand smoke Smoke inhaled by everyone near the smoker
Sidestream smoke Smoke that goes directly into the air from the ciggerate
Mainstream smoke Exhaled from the smoker's lungs
Emphysema A disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi the become inflamed
Cirrohosis Fat-filled liver cells die, leaving behind a useless scar tissue
Created by: aguagaton