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Substances Vocab

Drug A substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body
Medicine A legal drug that helps the body fight injury,illness,or disease.
Addiction The state of losing control over the use of a drug.
Dependence The condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.
Physical and psychological dependence brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it.
Withdraw A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
Tolerance The condition that results when repeated use of drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain.
Drug interactions when a person takes more than one drug at a time,the drugs may interact.
drug use using per label instructions to treat a cough
drug misuse The improper use of medicines either prescription or over-the-counter drugs.
drug abuse The intentioal improper or unsafe use of a drug
prescription A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
OTC (over the counter) A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
Stimulants A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system
Depressants A drug that slows the brain and boy reactions.
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception,thought,and mood.
Club Drugs Drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-alternating effects.
Steroids drugs that are structurally related to cyclic steroids rings system and have similar effects to testosterone in the body
Marijuana A drug made from leaves,stems,and flowering tops of the hemp plant.
gateway drug causes you to use much more "harder" drugs.
analgesic pain reliever
zero tolerance law a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication The state in which a persons mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC amount of alcohol in a persons blood,expressed as a percentage
BAL concentration of alcohol in ones blood
% in IL 21 and older is .08%
Fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the affects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA inspects,tests,and assesses the safety of food,drugs,and a variety of consumer goods.
tar A dark,sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products.
carbon monoxide A poisonous,colorless,odorless,gas produced when substances are burned.
second hand smoke A combination of mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke;also known as environmental tobacco smoke
sidestream smoke smoke that goes directly into the air from burning tobacco product
mainstream smoke Smoke is exhaled from a smokers lungs
Emphysema A disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed.
Created by: vicejsmont