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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug A substance other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body.
Medicine Are the legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease.
Addiction Is the drinker has no longer control over his or her drinking.
Physical Dependence Is addiction, but physically needing a drug to function normally.
Psychological Dependence Is addiction, but mentally craving a drug, to think that you need a drug to function.
Withdrawal Is a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
Tolerance Is repeated use of alcohol, its effects in the brain become reduced.
Dependence Is where the brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it.
Synergistic Having the properties of the interaction between two or more elements that increases the effectiveness of the elements alone. Not additive only.
Antagonistic Referring to any combination of 2 or more drugs, which results in a therapeutic effect that is less than the sum of each drug's effect.
Drug use Using drugs correctly for medical purposes (Prevent diseases).
Drug misuse The improper use of medicines either prescription or over-the counter-drugs.
Drug abuse When a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely.
Prescription drugs A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
OTC drugs A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctors prescription.
Stimulants Are drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system. Ex: Caffeine&Nicotine
Depressants Is a drug that slows brain and body reactions. Ex: Alcohol&Sleep Medications
Hallucinogens Is a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood. Ex: Shrooms&LSD
Club Drugs The strength and quality of club drugs are highly unpredictable their effects are different from person to person and are very dangerous. Ex: Ecstasy&GHB
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects. Ex: Glue&Gasoline
Anabolic Steroids To increase muscle size and strength. Ex: Steroids
Marijuana Is the leaves stems and flowering tops of the hemp plant "Cannabis Sativa". Ex: Gateway drug
Gateway drug A habit-forming drug that, while not itself addictive, may lead to the use of other addictive drugs.
Zero Tolerance Law Imposes automatic punishment for drinking alcohol under the age of 21.
Reverse Tolerance A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
Intoxication Is the state in which a persons mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
BAC/BAL Is the amount of alcohol in a persons blood, expressed as a percentage.
Percentage in IL Is .08%
Fetal alcohol syndrome Is a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FDA is... is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation's food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.
Tar The dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns. It leaves brown stains on fingers and teeth and creates bad breath.
Nicotine Is a very addictive chemical in tobacco products it can poison you when entering your body.
Carbon Monoxide When substances, tobacco are burned, an odorless, and poisonous gas that can damage your organs.
Effects of second hand smoke on a non-smoker Is inhaled by everyone near the smoker can give yourself cardiovascular disease, cancer, and respiratory problems.
Sidestream smoke Is smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette.
Mainstream smoke Is exhaled from a smoker's lungs
Emphysema Is a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Bronchitis Is an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
Cirrhosis It may lead to liver failure and death caused from heavy drinking.
Created by: jesselio