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substances

substances vocab

TermDefinition
drug a substance other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
medicine legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease
addiction drinker has no control over his or her drinking
dependence brain develops the need for alcohol and cannot function normally without it
withdrawal group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance with repeated use of alcohol, its effects in the brain have become reduced
drug interaction when a person takes more than one drug at a time, the drugs may interact
synergistic occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
antagonistic occurs when each drug's effect is cancelled out or reduced by the other
drug use using per label instructions
drug misuse the improper use of medicines either or over-the-counter drugs
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
prescription drugs a drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacey
over-the-counter (OTC) drugs a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
depressants drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens drug that distorts perception,thought,and mood
club drugs drugs that are used and associated with the club scene
inhalents breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
steroids increases muscle size and strength, artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone
marijuana leaves,stems,and flowering tops of the hemp plant
gateway drug gateway to using "harder" drugs, such as cocaine
anaglesic pain re-leaver
zero tolerance law using alcohol illegally, results in consequences such as suspension starting with the first time they are caught with alcohol or other drugs
reverse tolerance condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication state in which a persons mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substanced
BAC/BAL and % in IL amount of alcohol in a persons blood, expressed as a percentage, .08%
fetal alcohal syndrome group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
tar substance that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine very addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide when substances including tobacco are burned an odorless, poisonous gas is produced
second hand smoke combo of mainstream and side stream smoke
sidestream smoke smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette
mainstream smoke exhaled from a smokers lungs
emphysema disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
bronchitis infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis fat-filled liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue, may lead to liver failure and death
physical dependence alcoholics body requires alcohol to be able to function
psychological dependence alcoholics consider drinking a regular, essential part of coping with daily life
Created by: isairsuto