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Substances Vocab

drug any substance, other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
physical dependence physically needing a drug to function normally; without the drug, withdrawl occurs
psychological dependence mentally craving a drug; think they need a drug to function normally
drug use using drugs correctly for medical purposes
drug misuse using drugs incorrectly
drug abuse using drugs for no medical reason or when they are illegal
addiction state of losing control over the use of a drug, accompanied by a strong craving for the drug
dependence the condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance the condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain
prescription drugs a drug that can obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
over-the-counter (OTC) drugs a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the central nervous system
depressants a psychoactive drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
club drugs drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves
inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
anabolic steroids artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone
marijuana a drug made from the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant 'Cannabis sativa'
gateway drugs a drug used as a gateway to using other "harder" drugs
analgesic pain-reliever
zero tolerance law a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another sudstance
BAC/BAL the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
% of BAC/BAL in IL .08%
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
tar the dark, sticky substance that forms when a tobacco burns
nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon monoxide an odorless, poisonous gas produced when substances are burned
second hand smoke the combination of mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke
sidestream smoke smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette
mainstream smoke exhaled from a smoker's lungs
emphysema a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis a disease in the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue and may lead to liver failure
synergistic alcohol multiplies effect of another drug
antagonistic alcohol rarely cancels out effects of another drug
Created by: jasperez13