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Substances vocab

Drug A chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person's body or behavior.
medicine A legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or disease
addiction The fact, or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity
dependence Addiction to drink or drug
physical dependence physically needing a drug to function normaly
psychological dependence Mentally craving a drug or think that you need it
tolerance The condition that result when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain
synergistic A drug antagonism occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other
Antagonistic A drug synergism occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
drug use Using drugs CORRECTLY for medical purposes
drug misuse Using drugs INCORRECTLY
drug abuse Using drugs for no medical reason
prescription drugs Pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed
over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system
depressants A drug that slows the brain and body reactions
hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
Club drugs The generic term for psychoactive drugs, usually illegal, that are used by participants of the rave and dance club and recreational drug subculture.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
Anabolic steroids An artificial form of the male hormone testosterone that is used to increase muscle size and strength
Marijuana Cannabis, especially as smoked in cigarettes
Gateway drug A habit-forming drug that, while not itself addictive, may lead to the use of other addictive drugs
Analgesic pain reliber
Zero tolerance A policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking
Reverse tolerance A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
Intoxication The state of being intoxicated, especially by alcohol
Blood alcohol concentration(BAC) or Blood alcohol level (BAL) The amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
what is the percentage in IL .08%
Fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
Tar A dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
Nicotine An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon monoxide A poisonous, colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned
Non-smoker A person who does not smoke tobacco
Sidestream smoke Smoke that goes directly into the air from a burning tobacco product
Mainstream smoke Smoke that is exhaled from a smoker's lugs
Emphysema A disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminates carbon dioxide
Bronchitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane in the bronchial tubes. It typically causes bronchospasm and coughing
Cirrhosis A disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue;cirrhosis may lead to liver failure
Food and drugs administration(FDA) Inspect, test, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
Created by: erihernandez